R语言 JSON文件

由 xiaoxiaogang 创建,youj 最后一次修改 2016-12-12

JSON文件以人类可读格式将数据存储为文本。 Json代表JavaScript Object Notation。 R可以使用rjson包读取JSON文件。

安装rjson包

在R语言控制台中,您可以发出以下命令来安装rjson包。

install.packages("rjson")

输入数据

通过将以下数据复制到文本编辑器(如记事本)中来创建JSON文件。 使用.json扩展名保存文件,并将文件类型选择为所有文件(*.*)。

{ 
   "ID":["1","2","3","4","5","6","7","8" ],
   "Name":["Rick","Dan","Michelle","Ryan","Gary","Nina","Simon","Guru" ],
   "Salary":["623.3","515.2","611","729","843.25","578","632.8","722.5" ],
   
   "StartDate":[ "1/1/2012","9/23/2013","11/15/2014","5/11/2014","3/27/2015","5/21/2013",
      "7/30/2013","6/17/2014"],
   "Dept":[ "IT","Operations","IT","HR","Finance","IT","Operations","Finance"]
}

读取JSON文件

JSON文件由R使用来自JSON()的函数读取。 它作为列表存储在R中。

# Load the package required to read JSON files.
library("rjson")

# Give the input file name to the function.
result <- fromJSON(file = "input.json")

# Print the result.
print(result)

当我们执行上面的代码,它产生以下结果 -

$ID
[1] "1"   "2"   "3"   "4"   "5"   "6"   "7"   "8"

$Name
[1] "Rick"     "Dan"      "Michelle" "Ryan"     "Gary"     "Nina"     "Simon"    "Guru"

$Salary
[1] "623.3"  "515.2"  "611"    "729"    "843.25" "578"    "632.8"  "722.5"

$StartDate
[1] "1/1/2012"   "9/23/2013"  "11/15/2014" "5/11/2014"  "3/27/2015"  "5/21/2013"
   "7/30/2013"  "6/17/2014"

$Dept
[1] "IT"         "Operations" "IT"         "HR"         "Finance"    "IT"
   "Operations" "Finance"

将JSON转换为数据帧

我们可以使用as.data.frame()函数将上面提取的数据转换为R语言数据帧以进行进一步分析。

# Load the package required to read JSON files.
library("rjson")

# Give the input file name to the function.
result <- fromJSON(file = "input.json")

# Convert JSON file to a data frame.
json_data_frame <- as.data.frame(result)

print(json_data_frame)

当我们执行上面的代码,它产生以下结果 -

      id,   name,    salary,   start_date,     dept
1      1    Rick     623.30    2012-01-01      IT
2      2    Dan      515.20    2013-09-23      Operations
3      3    Michelle 611.00    2014-11-15      IT
4      4    Ryan     729.00    2014-05-11      HR
5     NA    Gary     843.25    2015-03-27      Finance
6      6    Nina     578.00    2013-05-21      IT
7      7    Simon    632.80    2013-07-30      Operations
8      8    Guru     722.50    2014-06-17      Finance

以上内容是否对您有帮助:
双十二充值活动活动
二维码
建议反馈
二维码