Bootstrap4 折叠板

由 平台活动 创建, 最后一次修改 2018-05-30

折叠板可以实现内容的显示与隐藏,让页面排版更加简洁。那么在Bootstrap4中,如何实现折叠板功能呢?


简单折叠板

.collapse 类用于指定一个折叠元素 (实例中的 <div>); 点击按钮后会在隐藏与显示之间切换。

控制内容的隐藏与显示,需要在 <a> 或 <button> 元素上添加 data-toggle="collapse" 属性。 data-target="#id" 属性是对应折叠的内容 (<div id="demo">)。

实例:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Bootstrap4 实例</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/4.1.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/3.2.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/popper.js/1.12.5/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/4.1.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
  <h2>简单的折叠</h2>
  <p>点击按钮内容会再显示与隐藏之间切换。</p>
  <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#demo">简单的折叠</button>
  <div id="demo" class="collapse">
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
    sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam,
    quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
  </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

注意: <a> 元素上你可以使用 href 属性来代替 data-target 属性:

实例:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Bootstrap4 实例</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/4.1.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/3.2.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/popper.js/1.12.5/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/4.1.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
  <h2>简单的折叠</h2>
  <a href="#demo" class="btn btn-primary" data-toggle="collapse">简单的折叠</a>
  <div id="demo" class="collapse">
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
    sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam,
    quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
  </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>


默认显示内容

在Bootstrap4中,折叠的内容是默认隐藏的,我们可以通过添加 .show 类让内容默认显示:

实例:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Bootstrap4 实例</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/4.1.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/3.2.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/popper.js/1.12.5/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/4.1.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
  <h2>简单的折叠</h2>
  <p>你可以添加 .show 类让内容默认显示:</p>
  <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#demo">简单的折叠</button>
  <div id="demo" class="collapse show">
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
    sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam,
    quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
  </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>


手风琴实例

以下实例通过扩展卡片组件来显示简单的手风琴。

注意: 使用 data-parent 属性来确保所有的折叠元素在指定的父元素下,这样就能实现在一个折叠选项显示时其他选项就隐藏。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Bootstrap4 实例</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/4.1.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/3.2.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/popper.js/1.12.5/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/4.1.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
  <h2>手风琴实例</h2>
  <p><strong>注意:</strong>  使用 data-parent 属性来确保所有的折叠元素在指定的父元素下,这样就能实现在一个折叠选项显示时其他选项就隐藏。</p>
  <div id="accordion">
    <div class="card">
      <div class="card-header">
        <a class="card-link" data-toggle="collapse" data-parent="#accordion" href="#collapseOne">
          Collapsible Group Item #1
        </a>
      </div>
      <div id="collapseOne" class="collapse show">
        <div class="card-block">
          Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="card">
      <div class="card-header">
        <a class="collapsed card-link" data-toggle="collapse" data-parent="#accordion" href="#collapseTwo">
        Collapsible Group Item #2
      </a>
      </div>
      <div id="collapseTwo" class="collapse">
        <div class="card-block">
          Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="card">
      <div class="card-header">
        <a class="collapsed card-link" data-toggle="collapse" data-parent="#accordion" href="#collapseThree">
          Collapsible Group Item #3
        </a>
      </div>
      <div id="collapseThree" class="collapse">
        <div class="card-block">
          Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>


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