Bootstrap 分页

2020-09-02 18:03 更新

Bootstrap 分页

本章将讲解 Bootstrap 支持的分页特性。分页(Pagination),是一种无序列表,Bootstrap 像处理其他界面元素一样处理分页。

分页(Pagination)

下表列出了 Bootstrap 提供的处理分页的 class。

Class 描述 示例代码
.pagination 添加该 class 来在页面上显示分页。
<ul class="pagination">
  <li><a href="#">&laquo;</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">1</a></li>
  .......
</ul>
.disabled, .active 您可以自定义链接,通过使用 .disabled 来定义不可点击的链接,通过使用 .active 来指示当前的页面。
<ul class="pagination">
  <li class="disabled"><a href="#">&laquo;</a></li>
  <li class="active"><a href="#">1<span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a></li>
  .......
</ul>
.pagination-lg, .pagination-sm 使用这些 class 来获取不同大小的项。
<ul class="pagination pagination-lg">...</ul>
<ul class="pagination">...</ul>
<ul class="pagination pagination-sm">...</ul>

默认的分页

下面的实例演示了上表中所讨论的 class .pagination 的用法:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Bootstrap 实例 - 默认的分页</title>
   <link href="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="stylesheet">
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/js/bootstrap.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
</head>
<body>

<ul class="pagination">
  <li><a href="#">&laquo;</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">1</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">2</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">3</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">4</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">5</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">&raquo;</a></li>
</ul>


</body>
</html>

结果如下所示:

默认的分页
标记分页组件
分页组件应该包装在 <nav> 元素中,以将其标识为屏幕阅读器和其他辅助技术的导航部分。此外,由于一个页面可能已经有多个这样的导航部分(例如标题中的主导航或侧栏导航),建议为 <nav> 提供一个描述性的 aria 标签,以反映其用途。例如,如果分页组件用于在一组搜索结果之间导航,则适当的标签可以是aria label=“search results pages”。

禁用和激活状态

链接在不同情况下可以定制。你可以给不能点击的链接添加 .disabled 类、给当前页添加 .active 类。


<nav aria-label="...">
  <ul class="pagination">
    <li class="disabled"><a href="#" aria-label="Previous"><span aria-hidden="true">&laquo;</span></a></li>
    <li class="active"><a href="#">1 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a></li>
    ...
  </ul>
</nav>

我们建议将 active 或 disabled 状态的链接(即 <a> 标签)替换为 <span> 标签,或者在向前/向后的箭头处省略<a> 标签,这样就可以让其保持需要的样式而不能被点击。

<nav aria-label="...">
  <ul class="pagination">
    <li class="disabled">
      <span>
        <span aria-hidden="true">&laquo;</span>
      </span>
    </li>
    <li class="active">
      <span>1 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></span>
    </li>
    ...
  </ul>
</nav>

尺寸

想要更小或更大的分页?.pagination-lg 或 .pagination-sm 类提供了额外可供选择的尺寸。Snipaste_2020-09-02_18-02-47

<nav aria-label="..."><ul class="pagination pagination-lg">...</ul></nav>
<nav aria-label="..."><ul class="pagination">...</ul></nav>
<nav aria-label="..."><ul class="pagination pagination-sm">...</ul></nav>


分页的状态

下面的实例演示了上表中所讨论的 class .disabled、.active 的用法:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Bootstrap 实例 - 分页的状态</title>
   <link href="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="stylesheet">
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/js/bootstrap.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
</head>
<body>

<ul class="pagination">
  <li><a href="#">&laquo;</a></li>
  <li class="active"><a href="#">1</a></li>
  <li class="disabled"><a href="#">2</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">3</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">4</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">5</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">&raquo;</a></li>
</ul>


</body>
</html>

结果如下所示:

分页的状态

分页的大小

下面的实例演示了上表中所讨论的 class .pagination-* 的用法:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Bootstrap 实例 - 分页的大小</title>
   <link href="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="stylesheet">
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/js/bootstrap.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
</head>
<body>

<ul class="pagination pagination-lg">
  <li><a href="#">&laquo;</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">1</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">2</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">3</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">4</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">5</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">&raquo;</a></li>
</ul><br>
<ul class="pagination">
  <li><a href="#">&laquo;</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">1</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">2</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">3</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">4</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">5</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">&raquo;</a></li>
</ul><br>
<ul class="pagination pagination-sm">
 <li><a href="#">&laquo;</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">1</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">2</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">3</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">4</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">5</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">&raquo;</a></li>
</ul>

</body>
</html>

结果如下所示:

分页的大小

翻页(Pager)

如果您想要创建一个简单的分页链接为用户提供导航,可通过翻页来实现。与分页链接一样,翻页也是无序列表。默认情况下,链接是居中显示。下表列出了 Bootstrap 处理翻页的 class。

Class 描述 示例代码
.pager 添加该 class 来获得翻页链接。
<ul class="pager">
  <li><a href="#">Previous</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">Next</a></li>
</ul>
.previous, .next 使用 class .previous 把链接向左对齐,使用 .next 把链接向右对齐。
<ul class="pager">
  <li class="previous"><a href="#">&larr; Older</a></li>
  <li class="next"><a href="#">Newer &rarr;</a></li>
</ul>
.disabled 添加该 class 来获得一个颜色变淡的外观。
<ul class="pager">
  <li class="previous disabled"><a href="#">&larr; Older</a></li>
  <li class="next"><a href="#">Newer &rarr;</a></li>
</ul>

默认的翻页

下面的实例演示了上表中所讨论的 class .pager 的用法:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Bootstrap 实例 - 默认的翻页</title>
   <link href="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="stylesheet">
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/js/bootstrap.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
</head>
<body>

<ul class="pager">
  <li><a href="#">Previous</a></li>
  <li><a href="#">Next</a></li>
</ul>

</body>
</html>

结果如下所示:

默认的翻页

对齐的链接

下面的实例演示了上表中所讨论的 class .previous、.next 的用法:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Bootstrap 实例 - 翻页中对齐的链接</title>
   <link href="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="stylesheet">
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/js/bootstrap.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
</head>
<body>

<ul class="pager">
  <li class="previous"><a href="#">&larr; Older</a></li>
  <li class="next"><a href="#">Newer &rarr;</a></li>
</ul>

</body>
</html>

结果如下所示:

翻页中对齐的链接

翻页的状态

下面的实例演示了上表中所讨论的 class .disabled 的用法:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Bootstrap 实例 - 翻页的状态</title>
   <link href="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="external nofollow" target="_blank"  rel="stylesheet">
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
   <script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/js/bootstrap.min.js" rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow"  rel="external nofollow" ></script>
</head>
<body>

<ul class="pager">
  <li class="previous disabled"><a href="#">&larr; Older</a></li>
  <li class="next"><a href="#">Newer &rarr;</a></li>
</ul>

</body>
</html>

结果如下所示:

翻页的状态


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