# Apache Pig Group运算符

2018-12-30 16:26 更新

GROUP 运算符用于在一个或多个关系中对数据进行分组，它收集具有相同key的数据。

## 语法

```grunt> Group_data = GROUP Relation_name BY age;
```

## 例

student_details.txt

```001,Rajiv,Reddy,21,9848022337,Hyderabad
002,siddarth,Battacharya,22,9848022338,Kolkata
003,Rajesh,Khanna,22,9848022339,Delhi
004,Preethi,Agarwal,21,9848022330,Pune
005,Trupthi,Mohanthy,23,9848022336,Bhuwaneshwar
006,Archana,Mishra,23,9848022335,Chennai
007,Komal,Nayak,24,9848022334,trivendram
008,Bharathi,Nambiayar,24,9848022333,Chennai
```

```grunt> student_details = LOAD 'hdfs://localhost:9000/pig_data/student_details.txt' USING PigStorage(',')
as (id:int, firstname:chararray, lastname:chararray, age:int, phone:chararray, city:chararray);
```

```grunt> group_data = GROUP student_details by age;
```

## 验证

```grunt> Dump group_data;
```

## 输出

• 一个是age，通过它我们将关系分组。

• 另一个是bag，其中包含一组元组，有各自年龄的学生记录。

```(21,{(4,Preethi,Agarwal,21,9848022330,Pune),(1,Rajiv,Reddy,21,9848022337,Hydera bad)})
(22,{(3,Rajesh,Khanna,22,9848022339,Delhi),(2,siddarth,Battacharya,22,984802233 8,Kolkata)})
(23,{(6,Archana,Mishra,23,9848022335,Chennai),(5,Trupthi,Mohanthy,23,9848022336 ,Bhuwaneshwar)})
(24,{(8,Bharathi,Nambiayar,24,9848022333,Chennai),(7,Komal,Nayak,24,9848022334, trivendram)})
```

```grunt> Describe group_data;

group_data: {group: int,student_details: {(id: int,firstname: chararray,
lastname: chararray,age: int,phone: chararray,city: chararray)}}
```

```\$ Illustrate group_data;
```

```-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|group_data|  group:int | student_details:bag{:tuple(id:int,firstname:chararray,lastname:chararray,age:int,phone:chararray,city:chararray)}|
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|          |     21     | { 4, Preethi, Agarwal, 21, 9848022330, Pune), (1, Rajiv, Reddy, 21, 9848022337, Hyderabad)}|
|          |     2      | {(2,siddarth,Battacharya,22,9848022338,Kolkata),(003,Rajesh,Khanna,22,9848022339,Delhi)}|
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
```

## 按多列分组

```grunt> group_multiple = GROUP student_details by (age, city);
```

```grunt> Dump group_multiple;

((21,Pune),{(4,Preethi,Agarwal,21,9848022330,Pune)})
((22,Delhi),{(3,Rajesh,Khanna,22,9848022339,Delhi)})
((22,Kolkata),{(2,siddarth,Battacharya,22,9848022338,Kolkata)})
((23,Chennai),{(6,Archana,Mishra,23,9848022335,Chennai)})
((23,Bhuwaneshwar),{(5,Trupthi,Mohanthy,23,9848022336,Bhuwaneshwar)})
((24,Chennai),{(8,Bharathi,Nambiayar,24,9848022333,Chennai)})
(24,trivendram),{(7,Komal,Nayak,24,9848022334,trivendram)})
```

## Group All

```grunt> group_all = GROUP student_details All;
```

```grunt> Dump group_all;

(all,{(8,Bharathi,Nambiayar,24,9848022333,Chennai),(7,Komal,Nayak,24,9848022334 ,trivendram),
(6,Archana,Mishra,23,9848022335,Chennai),(5,Trupthi,Mohanthy,23,9848022336,Bhuw aneshwar),
(4,Preethi,Agarwal,21,9848022330,Pune),(3,Rajesh,Khanna,22,9848022339,Delhi),
```

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