Java TCP服务器

由 haiguiking 创建,小路依依 最后一次修改 2017-01-09

Java网络教程 - Java TCP服务器


ServerSocket 类的一个对象表示Java中的TCP服务器套接字。

ServerSocket 对象可以接受来自远程客户端的连接请求。

我们可以使用no-args构造函数创建一个未绑定的服务器套接字,并使用其bind()方法将其绑定到本地端口和本地IP地址。

例子

以下代码显示如何创建服务器套接字:

import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
import java.net.ServerSocket;

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] argv) throws Exception {
    // Create an unbound server socket
    ServerSocket serverSocket = new ServerSocket();

    // Create a socket address object
    InetSocketAddress endPoint = new InetSocketAddress("localhost", 12900);

    // Set the wait queue size to 100
    int waitQueueSize = 100;

    // Bind the server socket to localhost and at port 12900 with
    // a wait queue size of 100
    serverSocket.bind(endPoint, waitQueueSize);

  }
}

例2

您可以通过使用以下任何构造函数在一个步骤中组合create,bind和listen操作。

等待队列大小的默认值为50。

本地IP地址的缺省值是通配符地址,即服务器计算机的所有IP地址。

ServerSocket(int port)
ServerSocket(int port, int waitQueueSize)
ServerSocket(int port, int waitQueueSize,  InetAddress  bindAddr)

您可以将套接字创建和绑定步骤合并为一个语句。

以下代码显示如何在端口12900创建服务器套接字,其中100作为等待队列大小,并在localhost回送地址。

ServerSocket serverSocket  = new ServerSocket(12900, 100, InetAddress.getByName("localhost"));

要接受远程连接请求,请调用服务器套接字上的 accept()方法。

accept()方法调用阻塞执行,直到来自远程客户端的请求到达其等待队列。


The following code calls on ServerSocket will wait  for a  new remote  connection request.
Socket activeSocket = serverSocket.accept();

Socket类包含两个方法 getInputStream() getOutputStream()用于读取和写入连接的套接字。

BufferedReader br  = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(activeSocket.getInputStream()));
BufferedWriter bw  = new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(activeSocket.getOutputStream()));
String s = br.readLine();
bw.write("hello"); 
bw.flush();

最后,使用套接字的close()方法关闭连接。关闭套接字还会关闭其输入和输出流。

activeSocket.close();

以下代码显示如何创建服务器套接字。

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.ServerSocket;
import java.net.Socket;

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    ServerSocket serverSocket = new ServerSocket(12900, 100,
        InetAddress.getByName("localhost"));
    System.out.println("Server started  at:  " + serverSocket);

    while (true) {
      System.out.println("Waiting for a  connection...");

      final Socket activeSocket = serverSocket.accept();

      System.out.println("Received a  connection from  " + activeSocket);
      Runnable runnable = () -> handleClientRequest(activeSocket);
      new Thread(runnable).start(); // start a new thread
    }
  }

  public static void handleClientRequest(Socket socket) {
    try{
      BufferedReader socketReader = null;
      BufferedWriter socketWriter = null;
      socketReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
          socket.getInputStream()));
      socketWriter = new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(
          socket.getOutputStream()));

      String inMsg = null;
      while ((inMsg = socketReader.readLine()) != null) {
        System.out.println("Received from  client: " + inMsg);

        String outMsg = inMsg;
        socketWriter.write(outMsg);
        socketWriter.write("\n");
        socketWriter.flush();
      }
      socket.close();
    }catch(Exception e){
      e.printStackTrace();
    }

  }
}


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