Netty 编译和运行 Echo 服务器和客户端

2018-08-02 14:28 更新

当完成了echo客户端和服务器的编写之后,我们就要来掌握编译及运行echo服务器和客户端,下面一起来看看。

编译 Echo 服务器 和 客户端

本例涉及到多模块 Maven 项目的组织

在例子 chapter2 目录下,执行

mvn clean package

输出如下

Listing 2.6 Build Output

chapter2>mvn clean package
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Reactor Build Order:
[INFO]
[INFO] Echo Client and Server
[INFO] Echo Client
[INFO] Echo Server
[INFO]
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Echo Client and Server 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-clean-plugin:2.5:clean (default-clean) @ echo-parent ---
[INFO]
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Echo Client 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-clean-plugin:2.5:clean (default-clean) @ echo-client ---
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile)
@ echo-client ---
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Reactor Summary:
[INFO]
[INFO] Echo Client and Server ......................... SUCCESS [ 0.118 s]
[INFO] Echo Client .................................... SUCCESS [ 1.219 s]
[INFO] Echo Server .................................... SUCCESS [ 0.110 s]
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 1.561 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2014-06-08T17:39:15-05:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 14M/245M
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------

注意事项:

  • Maven Reactor 构建顺序:先是 父 POM,然后是子项目
  • Netty artifact 没在用户的本地存储库中找到,所以 Maven 就会从互联网上下载
  • clean 和 compile 在构建生命周期的运行。事后 mavensurefire-plugin 插件运行,但不会有测试类存在。最后 mavenjar-plugin 执行

这段说明了项目已经成功编译。

运行 Echo 服务器 和 客户端

我们使用 exec-maven-plugin 来运行项目。

在 chapter2/Server 目录,执行

mvn exec:java

输出如下:

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Echo Server 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] >>> exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-server >>>
[INFO]
[INFO] <<< exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-server <<<
[INFO]
[INFO] --- exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-server ---
nettyinaction.echo.EchoServer started and listening for connections on
/0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:9999

在 chapter2/Client 目录,执行

mvn exec:java

输出如下:

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Echo Client 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] >>> exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-client >>>
[INFO]
[INFO] <<< exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-client <<<
[INFO]
[INFO] --- exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-client ---
Client received: Netty rocks!
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 3.907 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2014-06-08T18:26:14-05:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 8M/245M
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------

在服务器的控制台输出:

Server received: Netty rocks!

发生了什么事:

  • 客户端连接后,它发送消息:“Netty rocks!”
  • 服务器输出接收到消息并将其返回给客户端
  • 客户输出接收到的消息并退出。

每次运行客户端,你会看到在服务器的控制台输出:

Server received: Netty rocks!

现在,我们看下错误的情况。在控制台 输入 Ctrl-C 来关闭服务器。而后运行客户端,此时输出如下:

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Echo Client 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] >>> exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-client >>>
[INFO]
[INFO] <<< exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-client <<<
[INFO]
[INFO] --- exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java (default-cli) @ echo-client ---
[WARNING]
java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke
    (NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke
    (DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
    at org.codehaus.mojo.exec.ExecJavaMojo$1.run(ExecJavaMojo.java:297)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744)
    Caused by: java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused:
    no further information: localhost/127.0.0.1:9999
    at sun.nio.ch.SocketChannelImpl.checkConnect(Native Method)
    at sun.nio.ch.SocketChannelImpl.finishConnect
    (SocketChannelImpl.java:739)
    at io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioSocketChannel
    .doFinishConnect(NioSocketChannel.java:191)
    at io.netty.channel.nio.
    AbstractNioChannel$AbstractNioUnsafe.finishConnect(
    AbstractNioChannel.java:279)
    at io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoop
    .processSelectedKey(NioEventLoop.java:511)
    at io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoop
    .processSelectedKeysOptimized(NioEventLoop.java:461)
    at io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoop
    .processSelectedKeys(NioEventLoop.java:378)
    at io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoop.run(NioEventLoop.java:350)
    at io.netty.util.concurrent
    .SingleThreadEventExecutor$2.run
    (SingleThreadEventExecutor.java:101)
    ... 1 more
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD FAILURE
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 3.728 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2014-06-08T18:49:13-05:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 8M/245M
[INFO] --------------------------------------------------------------------
[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.codehaus.mojo:exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:java
    (default-cli) on project echo-client: An exception occured while executing the
    Java class. null: InvocationTargetException: Connection refused: no further
    information:
    localhost/127.0.0.1:9999 -> [Help 1]

看到了吗?客户端尝试连接服务器,但服务器处于关闭状态,所以引发了一个 java.net.ConnectException ,这个异常被 EchoClientHandler 的 exceptionCaught() 触发,打印出异常信息,并关闭 channel.


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