mod_wsgi (Apache)

2018-02-24 15:39 更新

mod_wsgi (Apache)

If you are using the Apache [] webserver you should consider using mod_wsgi [].

Installing mod_wsgi

If you don't have mod_wsgi installed yet you have to either install it usinga package manager or compile it yourself.

The mod_wsgi installation instructions [] cover installation instructions forsource installations on UNIX systems.

If you are using ubuntu / debian you can apt-get it and activate it as follows:

# apt-get install libapache2-mod-wsgi

On FreeBSD install mod_wsgi by compiling the www/mod_wsgi port or by usingpkg_add:

# pkg_add -r mod_wsgi

If you are using pkgsrc you can install mod_wsgi by compiling thewww/ap2-wsgi package.

If you encounter segfaulting child processes after the first apache reload youcan safely ignore them. Just restart the server.

Creating a .wsgi file

To run your application you need a yourapplication.wsgi file. This filecontains the code mod_wsgi is executing on startup to get the applicationobject. The object called application in that file is then used asapplication.

For most applications the following file should be sufficient:

from yourapplication import make_app
application = make_app()

If you don't have a factory function for application creation but a singletoninstance you can directly import that one as application.

Store that file somewhere where you will find it again (eg:/var/www/yourapplication) and make sure that yourapplication and allthe libraries that are in use are on the python load path. If you don'twant to install it system wide consider using a virtual python [] instance.

Configuring Apache

The last thing you have to do is to create an Apache configuration file foryour application. In this example we are telling mod_wsgi to execute theapplication under a different user for security reasons:

<VirtualHost *>

    WSGIDaemonProcess yourapplication user=user1 group=group1 processes=2 threads=5
    WSGIScriptAlias / /var/www/yourapplication/yourapplication.wsgi

    <Directory /var/www/yourapplication>
        WSGIProcessGroup yourapplication
        WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
        Order deny,allow
        Allow from all

For more information consult the mod_wsgi wiki [].