IDE Helper IDE助手

2018-02-24 15:53 更新

For Laravel 4.x, check version 1.11

Complete phpDocs, directly from the source


Checkout this Laracasts video for a quick introduction/explanation!

This package generates a file that your IDE understands, so it can provide accurate autocompletion. Generation is done based on the files in your project, so they are always up-to-date. If you don't want to generate it, you can add a pre-generated file to the root folder of your Laravel project (but this isn't as up-to-date as self generated files).

Note: You do need CodeIntel for Sublime Text:

New: PhpStorm Meta for Container instances

It's possible to generate a PhpStorm meta file, to add support for factory design pattern. For Laravel, this means we can make PhpStorm understand what kind of object we are resolving from the IoC Container. For example, events will return an Illuminate\Events\Dispatcher object, so with the meta file you can call app('events') and it will autocomplete the Dispatcher methods.

php artisan ide-helper:meta


/** @var \Illuminate\Foundation\Application $app */

Pre-generated example:

Note: You might need to restart PhpStorm and make sure .phpstorm.meta.php is indexed. Note: When you receive a FatalException about a class that is not found, check your config (for example, remove S3 as cloud driver when you don't have S3 configured. Remove Redis ServiceProvider when you don't use it).

Automatic phpDoc generation for Laravel Facades

Require this package with composer using the following command:

composer require barryvdh/laravel-ide-helper

After updating composer, add the service provider to the providers array in config/app.php


You can now re-generate the docs yourself (for future updates)

php artisan ide-helper:generate

Note: bootstrap/compiled.php has to be cleared first, so run php artisan clear-compiled before generating (and php artisan optimize after).

You can configure your composer.json to do this after each commit:

    "post-update-cmd": [
        "php artisan clear-compiled",
        "php artisan ide-helper:generate",
        "php artisan optimize"

You can also publish the config file to change implementations (ie. interface to specific class) or set defaults for --helpers or --sublime.

php artisan vendor:publish --provider=barryvdh/laravel-ide-helper --tag=config

The generator tries to identify the real class, but if it cannot be found, you can define it in the config file.

Some classes need a working database connection. If you do not have a default working connection, some facades will not be included. You can use an in-memory SQLite driver, using the -M option.

You can choose to include helper files. This is not enabled by default, but you can override it with the --helpers (-H) option. The Illuminate/Support/helpers.php is already set-up, but you can add/remove your own files in the config file.
Automatic phpDocs for models

You need to require doctrine/dbal: ~2.3 in your own composer.json to get database columns.

If you don't want to write your properties yourself, you can use the command php artisan ide-helper:models to generate phpDocs, based on table columns, relations and getters/setters. You can write the comments directly to your Model file, using the --write (-W) option. By default, you are asked to overwrite or write to a separate file (_ide_helper_models.php). You can force No with --nowrite (-N). Please make sure to backup your models, before writing the info. It should keep the existing comments and only append new properties/methods. The existing phpdoc is replaced, or added if not found. With the --reset (-R) option, the existing phpdocs are ignored, and only the newly found columns/relations are saved as phpdocs.

php artisan ide-helper:models Post

 * An Eloquent Model: 'Post'
 * @property integer $id
 * @property integer $author_id
 * @property string $title
 * @property string $text
 * @property \Carbon\Carbon $created_at
 * @property \Carbon\Carbon $updated_at
 * @property-read \User $author
 * @property-read \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|\Comment[] $comments

By default, models in app/models are scanned. The optional argument tells what models to use (also outside app/models).

php artisan ide-helper:models Post User

You can also scan a different directory, using the --dir option (relative from the base path):

php artisan ide-helper:models --dir="path/to/models" --dir="app/src/Model"

You can publish the config file (php artisan vendor:publish) and set the default directories.

Models can be ignored using the --ignore (-I) option

php artisan ide-helper:models --ignore="Post,User"

Note: With namespaces, wrap your model name in " signs: php artisan ide-helper:models "API\User", or escape the slashes (Api\User)