JavaFX 条形图

由 haiguiking 创建,小路依依 最后一次修改 2017-01-09

JavaFX教程 - JavaFX条形图


条形图是具有可以是垂直或水平的矩形条的双轴图表。

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.scene.Group;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.BarChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.CategoryAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class Main extends Application {

    @Override
    public void start(final Stage stage) {
        stage.setTitle("");
        stage.setWidth(500);
        stage.setHeight(500);
        Scene scene = new Scene(new Group());

        VBox root = new VBox();     
        NumberAxis lineYAxis = new NumberAxis(0,100,10);
        CategoryAxis lineXAxis = new CategoryAxis();

        BarChart barChart =     new BarChart(lineXAxis,lineYAxis);
        
        lineYAxis.setLabel("Sales");
        lineXAxis.setLabel("Products");
        
        root.getChildren().addAll(barChart);
        scene.setRoot(root);

        stage.setScene(scene);
        stage.show();
    }
 
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }
}

上面的代码生成以下结果。

null

水平条形图

import javafx.animation.Animation;
import javafx.animation.KeyFrame;
import javafx.animation.Timeline;
import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.event.ActionEvent;
import javafx.event.EventHandler;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.BarChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.CategoryAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
import javafx.util.Duration;

public class Main extends Application {
    
    final static String itemA = "A";
    final static String itemB = "B";
    final static String itemC = "F";
    @Override
    public void start(Stage stage) {
        final NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
        final CategoryAxis yAxis = new CategoryAxis();
        final BarChart<Number, String> bc = new BarChart<Number, String>(xAxis, yAxis);
        bc.setTitle("Summary");
        xAxis.setLabel("Value");
        xAxis.setTickLabelRotation(90);
        yAxis.setLabel("Item");

        XYChart.Series series1 = new XYChart.Series();
        series1.setName("2003");
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(2, itemA));
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(20, itemB));
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(10, itemC));

        XYChart.Series series2 = new XYChart.Series();
        series2.setName("2004");
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(50, itemA));
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(41, itemB));
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(45, itemC));

        XYChart.Series series3 = new XYChart.Series();
        series3.setName("2005");
        series3.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(45, itemA));
        series3.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(44, itemB));
        series3.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(18, itemC));

        Timeline tl = new Timeline();
        tl.getKeyFrames().add(new KeyFrame(Duration.millis(500), 
            new EventHandler<ActionEvent>() {
                @Override public void handle(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
                for (XYChart.Series<Number, String> series : bc.getData()) {
                    for (XYChart.Data<Number, String> data : series.getData()) {
                        data.setXValue(Math.random() * 100);
                    }
                }
            }
        }));
        tl.setCycleCount(Animation.INDEFINITE);
        tl.play();

        Scene scene = new Scene(bc, 800, 600);
        bc.getData().addAll(series1, series2, series3);
        stage.setScene(scene);
        stage.show();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }
}

上面的代码生成以下结果。

null


动画条形图

import javafx.animation.Animation;
import javafx.animation.KeyFrame;
import javafx.animation.Timeline;
import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.event.ActionEvent;
import javafx.event.EventHandler;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.BarChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.CategoryAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
import javafx.util.Duration;

public class Main extends Application {
    
    final static String itemA = "A";
    final static String itemB = "B";
    final static String itemC = "F";
    @Override
    public void start(Stage stage) {
        final NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
        final CategoryAxis yAxis = new CategoryAxis();
        final BarChart<Number, String> bc = new BarChart<Number, String>(xAxis, yAxis);
        bc.setTitle("Summary");
        xAxis.setLabel("Value");
        xAxis.setTickLabelRotation(90);
        yAxis.setLabel("Item");

        XYChart.Series series1 = new XYChart.Series();
        series1.setName("2003");
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(2, itemA));
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(20, itemB));
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(10, itemC));

        XYChart.Series series2 = new XYChart.Series();
        series2.setName("2004");
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(50, itemA));
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(41, itemB));
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(45, itemC));

        XYChart.Series series3 = new XYChart.Series();
        series3.setName("2005");
        series3.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(45, itemA));
        series3.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(44, itemB));
        series3.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(18, itemC));

        Timeline tl = new Timeline();
        tl.getKeyFrames().add(new KeyFrame(Duration.millis(500), 
            new EventHandler<ActionEvent>() {
                @Override public void handle(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
                for (XYChart.Series<Number, String> series : bc.getData()) {
                    for (XYChart.Data<Number, String> data : series.getData()) {
                        data.setXValue(Math.random() * 100);
                    }
                }
            }
        }));
        tl.setCycleCount(Animation.INDEFINITE);
        tl.play();

        Scene scene = new Scene(bc, 800, 600);
        bc.getData().addAll(series1, series2, series3);
        stage.setScene(scene);
        stage.show();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }
}

上面的代码生成以下结果。

null

StackedBarChart演示

import java.util.Arrays;
import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.FXCollections;
import javafx.scene.Group;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.CategoryAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.StackedBarChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
 
public class Main extends Application {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }
    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) {
        Group root = new Group();
           
        final CategoryAxis xAxis = new CategoryAxis();
        final NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
           
        xAxis.setLabel("Month");
        xAxis.setCategories(FXCollections.<String> observableArrayList(Arrays.asList(
                "January", 
                "February",
                "March")));
        yAxis.setLabel("Value");
           
        final StackedBarChart<String,Number> stackedBarChart = new StackedBarChart<String,Number>(xAxis,yAxis);
        stackedBarChart.setTitle("StackedBarChart");
          
        XYChart.Series<String,Number> series1 = new XYChart.Series();
        series1.setName("XYChart.Series 1");
           
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data("January", 100));
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data("February", 200));
        series1.getData().add(new XYChart.Data("March", 50));
          
        XYChart.Series<String,Number> series2 = new XYChart.Series();
        series2.setName("XYChart.Series 2");
           
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data("January", 150));
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data("February", 100));
        series2.getData().add(new XYChart.Data("March", 60));
          
        stackedBarChart.getData().addAll(series1, series2);
               
        root.getChildren().addAll(stackedBarChart);
   
        primaryStage.setScene(new Scene(root, 500, 400));
        primaryStage.show();
    }
}

上面的代码生成以下结果。

null
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