Java Object.Equals方法

Java面向对象设计 - Java Object.Equals方法


以下代码显示如何实现equals()和hashCode()方法

class Point {
  private int x;
  private int y;

  public Point(int x, int y) {
    this.x = x;
    this.y = y;
  }

  /* implement the equals() method */
  public boolean equals(Object otherObject) {
    // Are the same?
    if (this == otherObject) {
      return true;
    }

    // Is otherObject a null reference?
    if (otherObject == null) {
      return false;
    }

    // Do they belong to the same class?
    if (this.getClass() != otherObject.getClass()) {
      return false;
    }

    // Get the reference of otherObject in a SmartPoint variable
    Point otherPoint = (Point) otherObject;

    // Do they have the same x and y co-ordinates
    boolean isSamePoint = (this.x == otherPoint.x && this.y == otherPoint.y);

    return isSamePoint;
  }

  /*
   * implement hashCode() method of the Object class, which is a requirement
   * when you implement equals() method
   */
  public int hashCode() {
    return (this.x + this.y);
  }
}

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    Point pt1 = new Point(10, 10);
    Point pt2 = new Point(10, 10);
    Point pt3 = new Point(12, 19);
    Point pt4 = pt1;

    System.out.println("pt1 == pt1: " + (pt1 == pt1));
    System.out.println("pt1.equals(pt1): " + pt1.equals(pt1));

    System.out.println("pt1 == pt2: " + (pt1 == pt2));
    System.out.println("pt1.equals(pt2): " + pt1.equals(pt2));

    System.out.println("pt1 == pt3: " + (pt1 == pt3));
    System.out.println("pt1.equals(pt3): " + pt1.equals(pt3));

    System.out.println("pt1 == pt4: " + (pt1 == pt4));
    System.out.println("pt1.equals(pt4): " + pt1.equals(pt4));
  }
}

上面的代码生成以下结果。

注意

这里是equals()方法的实现的规范。假设x,y和z是三个对象的非空引用。

  • 自反性。表达式x.equals(x)应该返回true。
  • 对称性。如果x.equals(y)返回true,y.equals(x)必须返回true。
  • 传递性。如果x.equals(y)返回true,y.equals(z)返回true,则x.equals(z)必须返回true。
  • 一致性。如果x.equals(y)返回true,它应该保持返回true,直到x或y的状态被修改。如果x.equals(y)返回false,它应该保持返回false,直到x或y的状态被修改。
  • 与空引用的比较:任何类的对象不应等于空引用。表达式x.equals(null)应始终返回false。
  • 与hashCode()方法的关系:如果x.equals(y)返回true,x.hashCode()必须返回与y.hashCode()相同的值。


以上内容是否对您有帮助:
在线笔记
App下载
App下载

扫描二维码

下载编程狮App

公众号
微信公众号

编程狮公众号

意见反馈
返回顶部