ngModelOptions (directive)

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  1. directive in module ng

This directive allows you to modify the behaviour of ngModel directives within your application- You can specify an ngModelOptions directive on any element- All ngModel directives will use the options of their nearest ngModelOptions ancestor.

The ngModelOptions settings are found by evaluating the value of the attribute directive as an Angular expression. This expression should evaluate to an object, whose properties contain the settings. For example: <div "ng-model-options"="{ debounce: 100 }".

Inheriting Options

You can specify that an ngModelOptions setting should be inherited from a parent ngModelOptions directive by giving it the value of "$inherit". Then it will inherit that setting from the first ngModelOptions directive found by traversing up the DOM tree. If there is no ancestor element containing an ngModelOptions directive then default settings will be used.

For example given the following fragment of HTML

<div ng-model-options="{ allowInvalid: true, debounce: 200 }">
  <form ng-model-options="{ updateOn: 'blur', allowInvalid: '$inherit' }">
    <input ng-model-options="{ updateOn: 'default', allowInvalid: '$inherit' }" />

the input element will have the following settings

{ allowInvalid: true, updateOn: 'default', debounce: 0 }

Notice that the debounce setting was not inherited and used the default value instead.

You can specify that all undefined settings are automatically inherited from an ancestor by including a property with key of "*" and value of "$inherit".

For example given the following fragment of HTML

<div ng-model-options="{ allowInvalid: true, debounce: 200 }">
  <form ng-model-options="{ updateOn: 'blur', "*": '$inherit' }">
    <input ng-model-options="{ updateOn: 'default', "*": '$inherit' }" />

the input element will have the following settings

{ allowInvalid: true, updateOn: 'default', debounce: 200 }

Notice that the debounce setting now inherits the value from the outer <div> element.

If you are creating a reusable component then you should be careful when using "*": "$inherit" since you may inadvertently inherit a setting in the future that changes the behavior of your component.

Triggering and debouncing model updates

The updateOn and debounce properties allow you to specify a custom list of events that will trigger a model update and/or a debouncing delay so that the actual update only takes place when a timer expires; this timer will be reset after another change takes place.

Given the nature of ngModelOptions, the value displayed inside input fields in the view might be different from the value in the actual model. This means that if you update the model you should also invoke ngModel.NgModelController on the relevant input field in order to make sure it is synchronized with the model and that any debounced action is canceled.

The easiest way to reference the control's ngModel.NgModelController method is by making sure the input is placed inside a form that has a name attribute. This is important because form controllers are published to the related scope under the name in their name attribute.

Any pending changes will take place immediately when an enclosing form is submitted via the submit event. Note that ngClick events will occur before the model is updated. Use ngSubmit to have access to the updated model.

The following example shows how to override immediate updates. Changes on the inputs within the form will update the model only when the control loses focus (blur event). If escape key is pressed while the input field is focused, the value is reset to the value in the current model.

The next example shows how to debounce model changes. Model will be updated only 1 sec after last change. If the Clear button is pressed, any debounced action is canceled and the value becomes empty.

Model updates and validation

The default behaviour in ngModel is that the model value is set to undefined when the validation determines that the value is invalid. By setting the allowInvalid property to true, the model will still be updated even if the value is invalid.

Connecting to the scope

By setting the getterSetter property to true you are telling ngModel that the ngModel expression on the scope refers to a "getter/setter" function rather than the value itself.

The following example shows how to bind to getter/setters:

Specifying timezones

You can specify the timezone that date/time input directives expect by providing its name in the timezone property.

Directive Info

  • This directive executes at priority level 0.


  • as element: (This directive can be used as custom element, but be aware of IE restrictions).
  • as attribute:


Param Type Details
ngModelOptions Object

options to apply to ngModel directives on this element and and its descendents- Valid keys are:

  • updateOn: string specifying which event should the input be bound to- You can set several events using an space delimited list- There is a special event called default that matches the default events belonging to the control-
  • debounce: integer value which contains the debounce model update value in milliseconds- A value of 0 triggers an immediate update- If an object is supplied instead, you can specify a custom value for each event- For example:
      updateOn: 'default blur',
      debounce: { 'default': 500, 'blur': 0 }
  • allowInvalid: boolean value which indicates that the model can be set with values that did not validate correctly instead of the default behavior of setting the model to undefined.
  • getterSetter: boolean value which determines whether or not to treat functions bound to ngModel as getters/setters.
  • timezone: Defines the timezone to be used to read/write the Date instance in the model for <input type="date" />, <input type="time" />, ... . It understands UTC/GMT and the continental US time zone abbreviations, but for general use, use a time zone offset, for example, '+0430' (4 hours, 30 minutes east of the Greenwich meridian) If not specified, the timezone of the browser will be used.

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