Query

由 吾有佳卿 创建, 最后一次修改 2019-04-11

描述

Query是一个可以从IDbConnection类型的任意对象调用的扩展方法,它可以执行查询并映射结果。

结果可以映射到:

参数

下表显示了Query方法的不同参数。

名称描述
sql要执行的查询。
param查询参数(默认为null)。
transaction需要使用的事务(默认为null)。
buffered是否从缓冲读取查询结果(默认为true)。
commandTimeout命令执行超时时间(默认为null)。
commandType命令类型(默认为null)。

案例 - 查询匿名类型

原生SQL查询可以使用Query方法执行,并将结果映射到动态类型列表。

string sql = "SELECT * FROM Invoice;";

using (var connection = My.ConnectionFactory())
{
    connection.Open();

    var invoices = connection.Query(sql).ToList();

    My.Result.Show(invoices);

    //输出:3 anonymous entity returned
}

案例 - 查询强类型

原生SQL查询可以使用Query方法执行,并将结果映射到强类型列表。

string sql = "SELECT * FROM Invoice;";

using (var connection = My.ConnectionFactory())
{
    connection.Open();

    var invoices = connection.Query<Invoice>(sql).ToList();

    My.Result.Show(invoices);

    //输出:3 invoice(s) returned
}

案例 - 查询多映射(一对一)

原生SQL查询可以使用Query方法执行,并将结果映射到具有一对一关系的强类型列表。

string sql = "SELECT * FROM Invoice AS A INNER JOIN InvoiceDetail AS B ON A.InvoiceID = B.InvoiceID;";

using (var connection = My.ConnectionFactory())
{
    connection.Open();

    var invoices = connection.Query<Invoice, InvoiceDetail, Invoice>(
            sql,
            (invoice, invoiceDetail) =>
            {
                invoice.InvoiceDetail = invoiceDetail;
                return invoice;
            },
            splitOn: "InvoiceID")
        .Distinct()
        .ToList();

    My.Result.Show(invoices);

    //输出:3 invoice(s) returned (Including InvoiceDetail information) 
}

案例 - 查询多映射(一对多)

原生SQL查询可以使用Query方法执行,并将结果映射到具有一对多关系的强类型列表。

string sql = "SELECT * FROM Invoice AS A INNER JOIN InvoiceItem AS B ON A.InvoiceID = B.InvoiceID;";

using (var connection = My.ConnectionFactory())
{
    connection.Open();

    var invoiceDictionary = new Dictionary<int, Invoice>();

    var invoices = connection.Query<Invoice, InvoiceItem, Invoice>(
            sql,
            (invoice, invoiceItem) =>
            {
                Invoice invoiceEntry;

                if (!invoiceDictionary.TryGetValue(invoice.InvoiceID, out invoiceEntry))
                {
                    invoiceEntry = invoice;
                    invoiceEntry.Items = new List<InvoiceItem>();
                    invoiceDictionary.Add(invoiceEntry.InvoiceID, invoiceEntry);
                }

                invoiceEntry.Items.Add(invoiceItem);
                return invoiceEntry;
            },
            splitOn: "InvoiceID")
        .Distinct()
        .ToList();

    My.Result.Show(invoices);

    //输出:3 invoice(s) returned (Including 6 InvoiceItem) 
}

案例 - 查询多类型

原生SQL查询可以使用Query方法执行,并将结果映射到不同类型的列表。

string sql = "SELECT * FROM Invoice;";

using (var connection = My.ConnectionFactory())
{
    connection.Open();

    var invoices = new List<Invoice>();

    using (var reader = connection.ExecuteReader(sql))
    {
        var storeInvoiceParser = reader.GetRowParser<StoreInvoice>();
        var webInvoiceParser = reader.GetRowParser<WebInvoice>();

        while (reader.Read())
        {
            Invoice invoice;

            switch ((InvoiceKind) reader.GetInt32(reader.GetOrdinal("Kind")))
            {
                case InvoiceKind.StoreInvoice:
                    invoice = storeInvoiceParser(reader);
                    break;
                case InvoiceKind.WebInvoice:
                    invoice = webInvoiceParser(reader);
                    break;
                default:
                    throw new Exception(ExceptionMessage.GeneralException);
            }

            invoices.Add(invoice);
        }
    }

    My.Result.Show(invoices); 

    //输出:3 invoice(s) returned (StoreInvoice:1, WebInvoice:2) 
}


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