首页文章列表Microsoft BASIC for 6502代码

Microsoft BASIC for 6502代码

W3Cschool小编 2017-08-28 18:09:57 浏览数 (4927)

在未经微软或比尔盖茨同意的情况下某人公开了1978年的Microsoft BASIC for 6502源代码,以及原始评论、文档和彩蛋,这是目前公开的比尔盖茨写的最古老程序。Michael Steil分析了源代码和文件后认为它可能是源自苹果的一位名叫David Craig的开发者。


TITLE    BASIC M6502 8K VER 1.1 BY MICRO-SOFT
SEARCH    M6502
SALL
RADIX 10            ;THROUGHOUT ALL BUT MATH-PAK.

$Z::                ;STARTING POINT FOR M6502 SIMULATOR
    ORG    0        ;START OFF AT LOCATION ZERO.
SUBTTL    SWITCHES,MACROS.

REALIO=4            ;5=STM
                ;4=APPLE.
                ;3=COMMODORE.
                ;2=OSI
                ;1=MOS TECH,KIM
                ;0=PDP-10 SIMULATING 6502
INTPRC==1            ;INTEGER ARRAYS.
ADDPRC==1            ;FOR ADDITIONAL PRECISION.
LNGERR==0            ;LONG ERROR MESSAGES.
TIME==    0            ;CAPABILITY TO SET AND READ A CLK.
EXTIO== 0            ;EXTERNAL I/O.
DISKO== 0            ;SAVE AND LOAD COMMANDS
NULCMD==1            ;FOR THE "NULL" COMMAND
GETCMD==1
RORSW==1
ROMSW==1            ;TELLS IF THIS IS ON ROM.
CLMWID==14
LONGI==1            ;LONG INITIALIZATION SWITCH.
STKEND=511
BUFPAG==0
LINLEN==72            ;TERMINAL LINE LENGTH.
BUFLEN==72            ;INPUT BUFFER SIZE.
ROMLOC= ^O20000            ;ADDRESS OF START OF PURE SEGMENT.
KIMROM=1
IFE    ROMSW,<KIMROM==0>
IFN    REALIO-1,<KIMROM==0>
IFN    ROMSW,<
RAMLOC= ^O40000            ;USED ONLY IF ROMSW=1
IFE    REALIO,<ROMLOC= ^O20000 ;START AT 8K.
    RAMLOC=^O1400>>
IFE    REALIO-3,<
    DISKO==1
    RAMLOC==^O2000
    ROMLOC=^O140000
    NULCMD==0
    GETCMD==1
    linlen==40
    BUFLEN==81
    CQOPEN=^O177700
    CQCLOS=^O177703
    CQOIN= ^O177706        ;OPEN CHANNEL FOR INPUT
    CQOOUT=^O177711        ;FILL FOR COMMO.
    CQCCHN=^O177714
    CQINCH=^O177717        ;INCHR'S CALL TO GET A CHARACTER
    OUTCH= ^O177722
    CQLOAD=^O177725
    CQSAVE=^O177730
    CQVERF=^O177733
    CQSYS= ^O177736
    ISCNTC=^O177741
    CZGETL=^O177744        ;CALL POINT FOR "GET"
    CQCALL=^O177747        ;CLOSE ALL CHANNELS
    CQTIMR=^O215
    BUFPAG==2
    BUF==256BUFPAG
    STKEND==507
    CQSTAT=^O226
    CQHTIM=^O164104
    EXTIO==1
    TIME==1
    GETCMD==1
    CLMWID==10
    PI=255                ;VALUE OF PI CHARACTER FOR COMMODORE.
    ROMSW==1
    RORSW==1
    TRMPOS=^O306>
IFE    REALIO-1,<GETCMD==1
    DISKO==1
    OUTCH=^O17240            ;1EA0
    ROMLOC==^O20000
    RORSW==0
    CZGETL=^O17132>
IFE    REALIO-2,<
    RORSW==0
    RAMLOC==^O1000
IFN    ROMSW,<
    RORSW==0
    RAMLOC==^O100000>
    OUTCH==^O177013>
IFE    REALIO-4,<
    RORSW==1
    NULCMD==0
    GETCMD==1
    CQINLN==^O176547
    CQPRMP==^O63
    CQINCH==^O176414
    CQCOUT==^O177315
    CQCSIN==^O177375
    BUFPAG==2
    BUF=BUFPAG256
    ROMLOC=^O4000
    RAMLOC=^O25000            ;PAGE 2A
    OUTCH=^O176755
    CZGETL=^O176414
    LINLEN==40
    BUFLEN==240
    RORSW==1
    STKEND=507>
IFE    RORSW,<
DEFINE    ROR (WD),<
    LDAI    0
    BCC    .+4
    LDAI    ^O200
    LSR    WD
    ORA    WD
    STA    WD>>

DEFINE ACRLF,<
    13
    10>
DEFINE    SYNCHK    (Q),<
    LDAI    <Q>
    JSR    SYNCHR>
DEFINE    DT(Q),<
IRPC    Q,<IFDIF <Q><">,<EXP "Q">>>
DEFINE    LDWD    (WD),<
    LDA    WD
    LDY    <WD>+1>
DEFINE    LDWDI    (WD),<
    LDAI    <<WD>&^O377>
    LDYI    <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE    LDWX    (WD),<
    LDA    WD
    LDX    <WD>+1>
DEFINE    LDWXI    (WD),<
    LDAI    <<WD>&^O377>
    LDXI    <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE    LDXY    (WD),<
    LDX    WD
    LDY    <WD>+1>
DEFINE    LDXYI    (WD),<
    LDXI    <<WD>&^O377>
    LDYI    <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE    STWD    (WD),<
    STA    WD
    STY    <WD>+1>
DEFINE    STWX    (WD),<
    STA    WD
    STX    <WD>+1>
DEFINE    STXY    (WD),<
    STX    WD
    STY    <WD>+1>
DEFINE    CLR    (WD),<
    LDAI    0
    STA    WD>
DEFINE    COM    (WD),<
    LDA    WD
    EORI    ^O377
    STA    WD>
DEFINE    PULWD    (WD),<
    PLA
    STA    WD
    PLA
    STA    <WD>+1>
DEFINE    PSHWD    (WD),<
    LDA    <WD>+1
    PHA
    LDA    WD
    PHA>
DEFINE    JEQ    (WD),<
    BNE    .+5
    JMP    WD>
DEFINE    JNE    (WD),<
    BEQ    .+5
    JMP    WD>
DEFINE    BCCA(Q),<    BCC    Q>    ;BRANCHES THAT ALWAYS BRANCH
DEFINE    BCSA(Q),<    BCS    Q>    ;THESE ARE USED ON THE 6502 BECAUSE
DEFINE    BEQA(Q),<    BEQ    Q>    ;THERE IS NO UNCONDITIONAL BRANCH
DEFINE    BNEA(Q),<    BNE    Q>
DEFINE    BMIA(Q),<    BMI    Q>
DEFINE    BPLA(Q),<    BPL    Q>
DEFINE    BVCA(Q),<    BVC    Q>
DEFINE    BVSA(Q),<    BVS    Q>
DEFINE    INCW(R),<
    INC    R
    BNE    %Q
    INC    R+1
%Q:>
DEFINE    SKIP1,    <XWD ^O1000,^O044>    ;BIT ZERO PAGE TRICK.
DEFINE    SKIP2,    <XWD ^O1000,^O054>    ;BIT ABS TRICK.
IF1,<
IFE    REALIO,<PRINTX/SIMULATE/>
IFE    REALIO-1,<PRINTX KIM>
IFE    REALIO-2,<PRINTX OSI>
IFE    REALIO-3,<PRINTX COMMODORE>
IFE    REALIO-4,<PRINTX APPLE>
IFE    REALIO-5,<PRINTX STM>
IFN    ADDPRC,<PRINTX ADDITIONAL PRECISION>
IFN    INTPRC,<PRINTX INTEGER ARRAYS>
IFN    LNGERR,<PRINTX LONG ERRORS>
IFN    DISKO,<PRINTX SAVE AND LOAD>
IFE    ROMSW,<PRINTX RAM>
IFN    ROMSW,<PRINTX ROM>
IFE    RORSW,<PRINTX NO ROR>
IFN    RORSW,<PRINTX ROR ASSUMED>>
PAGE
SUBTTL    INTRODUCTION AND COMPILATION PARAMETERS.
COMMENT 

--------- ---- -- ---------
COPYRIGHT 1976 BY MICROSOFT
--------- ---- -- ---------
7/27/78 FIXED BUG WHERE FOR VARIABLE AT BYTE FF MATCHED RETURN SEARCHING
    FOR GOSUB ENTRY ON STACK IN FNDFOR CALL BY CHANGING STA FORPNT
    TO STA FORPNT+1. THIS IS A SERIOUS BUG IN ALL VERSIONS.
7/27/78 FIXED BUG AT NEWSTT UNDER IFN BUFPAG WHEN CHECK OF CURLIN
    WAS DONE BEFORE CURLIN SET UP SO INPUT RETRIES OF FIRST STATEMENT
    WAS GIVING SYNTAX ERROR INSTEAD OF REDO FROM START (CODE WAS 12/1/77 FIX)
7/1/78    SAVED A FEW BYTES IN INIT FOR COMMODORE (14)
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE REPLACING A LINE OVERFLOWING MEMORY LEFT LINKS
    IN A BAD STATE. (CODE AT NODEL AND FINI) BUG#4
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE GARBAGE COLLECTION NEVER(!) COLLECTS TEMPS
    (STY GRBPNT  AT FNDVAR, LDA GRBPNT ORA GRBPNT+1 AT GRBPAS)
    THIS WAS COMMODORE BUG #2
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE DELETE/INSERT OF LINE COULD CAUSE A GARBAGE COLLECTION WITH BAD VARTAB IF OUT OF MEMORY
     (LDWD MEMSIZ STWD FRETOP=JSR RUNC CLC ALSO AT NODEL)
3/9/78 EDIT TO FIX COMMO TRMPOS AND CHANGE LEFT$ AND RIGHT$ TO ALLOW A SECOND ARGUMENT OF 0 AND RETURN A NULL STRING
2/25/78 FIXED BUG THAT INPFLG WAS SET WRONG WHEN BUFPAG.NE.0
    INCREASED NUMLEV FROM 19 TO 23
2/11/78 DISALLOWED SPACES IN RESERVED WORDS. PUT IN SPECIAL CHECK FOR "GO TO"
2/11/78 FIXED BUG WHERE ROUNDING OF THE FAC BEFORE PUSHING COULD CAUSE A STRING POINTER
    IN THE FAC TO BE INCREMENTED
1/24/78 fixed problem where user defined function undefined check fix was smashing error number in [x]
12/1/77 FIXED PROBLEM WHERE PEEK WAS SMASHING (POKER) CAUSING POKE OF PEEK TO FAIL
12/1/77 FIXED PROBLEM WHERE PROBLEM WITH VARTXT=LINNUM=BUF-2 CAUSING BUF-1 COMMA TO DISAPPEAR
12/1/77 FIXED BUFPAG.NE.0 PROBLEM AT NEWSTT AND STOP : CODE WAS STILL
    ASSUMING TXTPTR+1.EQ.0 IFF STATEMENT WAS DIRECT

NUMLEV==23            ;NUMBER OF STACK LEVELS RESERVED
                ;BY AN EXPLICIT CALL TO "GETSTK".
STRSIZ==3            ;# OF LOCS PER STRING DESCRIPTOR.
NUMTMP==3            ;NUMBER OF STRING TEMPORARIES.
CONTW==15            ;CHARACTER TO SUPPRESS OUTPUT.

PAGE
SUBTTL    SOME EXPLANATION.
COMMENT 

M6502 BASIC CONFIGURES BASIC AS FOLLOWS

LOW LOCATIONS
    PAGE    ZERO

        STARTUP:
        INITIALLY A JMP TO INITIALIZATION CODE BUT
        CHANGED TO A JMP TO "READY".
        RESTARTING THE MACHINE AT LOC 0 DURING PROGRAM
        EXECUTION CAN LEAVE THINGS MESSED UP.

        LOC OF FAC TO INTEGER AND INTEGER TO FAC 
        ROUTINES.

        "DIRECT" MEMORY:
        THESE ARE THE MOST COMMONLY USED LOCATIONS.
        THEY HOLD BOOKKEEPING INFO AND ALL OTHER
        FREQUENTLY USED INFORMATION.
        ALL TEMPORARIES, FLAGS, POINTERS, THE BUFFER AREA,
        THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR, AND ANYTHING ELSE THAT
        IS USED TO STORE A CHANGING VALUE SHOULD BE LOCATED
        IN THIS AREA. CARE MUST BE MADE IN MOVING LOCATIONS
        IN THIS AREA SINCE THE JUXTAPOSITION OF TWO LOCATIONS
        IS OFTEN DEPENDED UPON.

        STILL IN RAM WE HAVE THE BEGINNING OF THE "CHRGET"
        SUBROUTINE. IT IS HERE SO [TXTPTR] CAN BE THE
        EXTENDED ADDRESS OF A LOAD INSTRUCTION.
        THIS SAVES HAVING TO BOTHER ANY REGISTERS.

    PAGE    ONE
        THE STACK.

    STORAGE PAGE TWO AND ON
        IN RAM VERSIONS THESE DATA STRUCTURES COME AT THE
        END OF BASIC. IN ROM VERSON THEY ARE AT RAMLOC WHICH
        CAN EITHER BE ABOVE OR BELOW ROMLOC, WHICH IS WHERE
        BASIC ITSELF RESIDES.

                A ZERO.
        [TXTTAB]    POINTER TO NEXT LINE'S POINTER.
                LINE # OF THIS LINE (2 BYTES).
                CHARACTERS ON THIS LINE.
                ZERO.
                POINTER AT NEXT LINE'S POINTER
                    (POINTED TO BY THE ABOVE POINTER).
                ... REPEATS ...
        LAST LINE:    POINTER AT ZERO POINTER.
                LINE # OF THIS LINE.
                CHARACTERS ON THIS LINE.
                ZERO.
                DOUBLE ZERO (POINTED TO BY THE ABOVE POINTER).
        [VARTAB]    SIMPLE VARIABLES. 6 BYTES PER VALUE.
                2 BYTES GIVE THE NAME, 4 BYTES THE VALUE.
                ... REPEATS ...
        [ARYTAB]    ARRAY VARIABLES. 2 BYTES NAME, 2 BYTE
                LENGTH, NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS , EXTENT OF
                EACH DIMENSION (2BYTES/), VALUES
                ... REPEATS ...
        [STREND]    FREE SPACE.
                ... REPEATS ...
        [FRETOP]    STRING SPACE IN USE.
                ... REPEATS ...
        [MEMSIZ]    HIGHEST MACHINE LOCATION.
                UNUSED EXCEPT BY THE VAL FUNCTION.

        ROM -- CONSTANTS AND CODE.

    FUNCTION DISPATCH ADDRESSES (AT ROMLOC)
        "FUNDSP" CONTAINS THE ADDRESSES OF THE
        FUNCTION ROUTINES IN THE ORDER OF THE
        FUNCTION NAMES IN THE CRUNCH LIST.
        THE FUNCTIONS THAT TAKE MORE THAN ONE ARGUMENT
        ARE AT THE END. SEE THE EXPLANATION AT "ISFUN".

    THE OPERATOR LIST
        THE "OPTAB" LIST CONTAINS AN OPERATOR'S PRECEDENCE
        FOLLOWED BY THE ADDRESS OF THE ROUTINE TO PERFORM
        THE OPERATION. THE INDEX INTO THE
        OPERATOR LIST IS MADE BY SUBTRACTING OFF THE CRUNCH VALUE
        OF THE LOWEST NUMBERED OPERATOR. THE ORDER
        OF OPERATORS IN THE CRUNCH LIST AND IN "OPTAB" IS IDENTICAL.
        THE PRECEDENCES ARE ARBITRARY EXCEPT FOR THEIR
        COMPARATIVE SIZES. NOTE THAT THE PRECEDENCE FOR
        UNARY OPERATORS SUCH AS "NOT" AND NEGATION ARE
        SETUP SPECIALLY WITHOUT USING THE LIST.

    THE RESERVED WORD OR CRUNCH LIST
        WHEN A COMMAND OR PROGRAM LINE IS TYPED IN
        IT IS STORED IN "BUF". AS SOON AS THE WHOLE LINE
        HAS BEEN TYPED IN ("INLIN" RETURNS) "CRUNCH" IS
        CALLED TO CONVERT ALL RESERVED WORDS TO THEIR
        CRUNCHED VALUES. THIS REDUCES THE SIZE OF THE 
        PROGRAM AND SPEEDS UP EXECUTION BY ALLOWING
        LIST DISPATCHES TO PERFORM FUNCTIONS, STATEMENTS,
        AND OPERATIONS. THIS IS BECAUSE ALL THE STATEMENT
        NAMES ARE STORED CONSECUTIVELY IN THE CRUNCH LIST.
        WHEN A MATCH IS FOUND BETWEEN A STRING
        OF CHARACTERS AND A WORD IN THE CRUNCH LIST
        THE ENTIRE TEXT OF THE MATCHED WORD IS TAKEN OUT OF
        THE INPUT LINE AND A RESERVED WORD TOKEN IS PUT
        IN ITS PLACE. A RESERVED WORD TOKEN IS ALWAYS EQUAL
        TO OCTAL 200 PLUS THE POSITION OF THE MATCHED WORD
        IN THE CRUNCH LIST.

    STATEMENT DISPATCH ADDRESSES
        WHEN A STATEMENT IS TO BE EXECUTED, THE FIRST
        CHARACTER OF THE STATEMENT IS EXAMINED
        TO SEE IF IT IS LESS THAN THE RESERVED
        WORD TOKEN FOR THE LOWEST NUMBERED STATEMENT NAME.
        IF SO, THE "LET" CODE IS CALLED TO
        TREAT THE STATEMENT AS AN ASSIGNMENT STATEMENT.
        OTHERWISE A CHECK IS MADE TO MAKE SURE THE
        RESERVED WORD NUMBER IS NOT TOO LARGE TO BE A
        STATEMENT TYPE NUMBER. IF NOT THE ADDRESS
        TO DISPATCH TO IS FETCHED FROM "STMDSP" (THE STATEMENT
        DISPATCH LIST) USING THE RESERVED WORD
        NUMBER FOR THE STATEMENT TO CALCULATE AN INDEX INTO
        THE LIST.

    ERROR MESSAGES
        WHEN AN ERROR CONDITION IS DETECTED,
        [ACCX] MUST BE SET UP TO INDICATE WHICH ERROR
        MESSAGE IS APPROPRIATE AND A BRANCH MUST BE MADE
        TO "ERROR". THE STACK WILL BE RESET AND ALL
        PROGRAM CONTEXT WILL BE LOST. VARIABLES
        VALUES AND THE ACTUAL PROGRAM REMAIN INTACT.
        ONLY THE VALUE OF [ACCX] IS IMPORTANT WHEN
        THE BRANCH IS MADE TO ERROR. [ACCX] IS USED AS AN
        INDEX INTO "ERRTAB" WHICH GIVES THE TWO
        CHARACTER ERROR MESSAGE THAT WILL BE PRINTED ON THE
        USER'S TERMINAL.


    TEXTUAL MESSAGES
        CONSTANT MESSAGES ARE STORED HERE. UNLESS
        THE CODE TO CHECK IF A STRING MUST BE COPIED
        IS CHANGED THESE STRINGS MUST BE STORED ABOVE
        PAGE ZERO, OR ELSE THEY WILL BE COPIED BEFORE
        THEY ARE PRINTED.

    FNDFOR
MOST SMALL ROUTINES ARE FAIRLY SIMPLE AND ARE DOCUMENTED IN PLACE. "FNDFOR" IS USED FOR FINDING "FOR" ENTRIES ON THE STACK. WHENEVER A "FOR" IS EXECUTED, A 16-BYTE ENTRY IS PUSHED ONTO THE STACK. BEFORE THIS IS DONE, HOWEVER, A CHECK MUST BE MADE TO SEE IF THERE ARE ANY "FOR" ENTRIES ALREADY ON THE STACK FOR THE SAME LOOP VARIABLE. IF SO, THAT "FOR" ENTRY AND ALL OTHER "FOR" ENTRIES THAT WERE MADE AFTER IT ARE ELIMINATED FROM THE STACK. THIS IS SO A PROGRAM THAT JUMPS OUT OF THE MIDDLE OF A "FOR" LOOP AND THEN RESTARTS THE LOOP AGAIN AND AGAIN WON'T USE UP 18 BYTES OF STACK SPACE EVERY TIME. THE "NEXT" CODE ALSO CALLS "FNDFOR" TO SEARCH FOR A "FOR" ENTRY WITH THE LOOP VARIABLE IN THE "NEXT". AT WHATEVER POINT A MATCH IS FOUND THE STACK IS RESET. IF NO MATCH IS FOUND A "NEXT WITHOUT FOR" ERROR OCCURS. GOSUB EXECUTION ALSO PUTS A 5-BYTE ENTRY ON STACK. WHEN A RETURN IS EXECUTED "FNDFOR" IS CALLED WITH A VARIABLE POINTER THAT CAN'T BE MATCHED. WHEN "FNDFOR" HAS RUN THROUGH ALL THE "FOR" ENTRIES ON THE STACK
IT RETURNS AND THE RETURN CODE MAKES SURE THE ENTRY THAT WAS STOPPED ON IS A GOSUB ENTRY. THIS ASSURES THAT IF YOU GOSUB TO A SECTION OF CODE IN WHICH A FOR LOOP IS ENTERED BUT NEVER EXITED THE RETURN WILL STILL BE ABLE TO FIND THE MOST RECENT GOSUB ENTRY. THE "RETURN" CODE ELIMINATES THE "GOSUB" ENTRY AND ALL "FOR" ENTRIES MADE AFTER THE GOSUB ENTRY. NON-RUNTIME STUFF THE CODE TO INPUT A LINE, CRUNCH IT, GIVE ERRORS, FIND A SPECIFIC LINE IN THE PROGRAM, PERFORM A "NEW", "CLEAR", AND "LIST" ARE ALL IN THIS AREA. GIVEN THE EXPLANATION OF PROGRAM STORAGE SET FORTH ABOVE, THESE ARE ALL STRAIGHTFORWARD. NEWSTT WHENEVER A STATEMENT FINISHES EXECUTION IT DOES A "RTS" WHICH TAKES EXECUTION BACK TO "NEWSTT". STATEMENTS THAT CREATE OR LOOK AT SEMI-PERMANENT STACK ENTRIES MUST GET RID OF THE RETURN ADDRESS OF "NEWSTT" AND JMP TO "NEWSTT" WHEN DONE. "NEWSTT" ALWAYS CHRGETS THE FIRST CHARACTER AFTER THE STATEMENT NAME BEFORE DISPATCHING. WHEN RETURNING BACK TO "NEWSTT" THE ONLY THING THAT MUST BE SET UP IS THE TEXT POINTER IN "TXTPTR". "NEWSTT" WILL CHECK TO MAKE SURE "TXTPTR" IS POINTING TO A STATEMENT TERMINATOR. IF A STATEMENT SHOULDN'T BE PERFORMED UNLESS IT IS PROPERLY FORMATTED (I.E. "NEW") IT CAN SIMPLY DO A RETURN AFTER READING ALL OF ITS ARGUMENTS. SINCE THE ZERO FLAG BEING OFF INDICATES THERE IS NOT A STATEMENT TERMINATOR "NEWSTT" WILL DO THE JMP TO THE "SYNTAX ERROR" ROUTINE. IF A STATEMENT SHOULD BE STARTED OVER IT CAN DO LDWD OLDTXT, STWD TXTPTR RTS SINCE THE TEXT PNTR AT "NEWSTT" IS ALWAYS STORED IN "OLDTXT". THE ^C CODE STORES [CURLIN] (THE CURRENT LINE NUMBER) IN "OLDLIN" SINCE THE ^C CHECK IS MADE BEFORE THE STATEMENT POINTED TO IS EXECUTED. "STOP" AND "END" STORE THE TEXT POINTER FROM "TXTPTR", WHICH POINTS AT THEIR TERMINATING CHARACTER, IN "OLDTXT". STATEMENT CODE THE INDIVIDUAL STATEMENT CODE COMES NEXT. THE APPROACH USED IN EXECUTING EACH STATEMENT IS DOCUMENTED IN THE STATEMENT CODE ITSELF. FRMEVL, THE FORMULA EVALUATOR GIVEN A TEXT POINTER POINTING TO THE STARTING CHARACTER OF A FORMULA, "FRMEVL" EVALUATES THE FORMULA AND LEAVES THE VALUE IN THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR (FAC). "TXTPTR" IS RETURNED POINTING TO THE FIRST CHARACTER THAT COULD NOT BE INTERPRETED AS PART OF THE FORMULA. THE ALGORITHM USES THE STACK TO STORE TEMPORARY RESULTS: 0. PUT A DUMMY PRECEDENCE OF ZERO ON THE STACK. 1. READ LEXEME (CONSTANT,FUNCTION, VARIABLE,FORMULA IN PARENS) AND TAKE THE LAST PRECEDENCE VALUE OFF THE STACK. 2. SEE IF THE NEXT CHARACTER IS AN OPERATOR. IF NOT, CHECK PREVIOUS ONE. THIS MAY CAUSE OPERATOR APPLICATION OR AN ACTUAL RETURN FROM "FRMEVL". 3. IF IT IS, SEE WHAT PRECEDENCE IT HAS AND COMPARE IT TO THE PRECEDENCE OF THE LAST OPERATOR ON THE STACK. 4. IF = OR LESS REMEMBER THE OPERATOR POINTER OF THIS OPERATOR AND BRANCH TO "QCHNUM" TO CAUSE APPLICATION OF THE LAST OPERATOR. EVENTUALLY RETURN TO STEP 2 BY RETURNING TO JUST AFTER "DOPREC". 5. IF GREATER PUT THE LAST PRECEDENCE BACK ON, SAVE THE OPERATOR ADDRESS, CURRENT TEMPORARY RESULT, AND PRECEDENCE AND RETURN TO STEP 1. RELATIONAL OPERATORS ARE ALL HANDLED THROUGH A COMMON ROUTINE. SPECIAL CARE IS TAKEN TO DETECT TYPE MISMATCHES SUCH AS 3+"F". EVAL -- THE ROUTINE TO READ A LEXEME "EVAL" CHECKS FOR THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF ENTITIES IT IS SUPPOSED TO DETECT. LEADING PLUSES ARE IGNORED, DIGITS AND "." CAUSE "FIN" (FLOATING INPUT) TO BE CALLED. FUNCTION NAMES CAUSE THE FORMULA INSIDE THE PARENTHESES TO BE EVALUATED AND THE FUNCTION ROUTINE TO BE CALLED. VARIABLE NAMES CAUSE "PTRGET" TO BE CALLED TO GET A POINTER TO THE VALUE, AND THEN THE VALUE IS PUT INTO THE FAC. AN OPEN PARENTHESIS CAUSES "FRMEVL" TO BE CALLED (RECURSIVELY), AND THE ")" TO BE CHECKED FOR. UNARY OPERATORS (NOT AND NEGATION) PUT THEIR PRECEDENCE ON THE STACK AND ENTER FORMULA EVALUATION AT STEP 1, SO THAT EVERYTHING UP TO AN OPERATOR GREATER THAN THEIR PRECEDENCE OR THE END OF THE FORMULA WILL BE EVALUATED. DIMENSION AND VARIABLE SEARCHING SPACE IS ALLOCATED FOR VARIABLES AS THEY ARE ENCOUNTERED. THUS "DIM" STATEMENTS MUST BE EXECUTED TO HAVE EFFECT. 6 BYTES ARE ALLOCATED FOR EACH SIMPLE VARIABLE, WHETHER IT IS A STRING, NUMBER OR USER DEFINED FUNCTION. THE FIRST TWO BYTES GIVE THE NAME OF THE VARIABLE AND THE LAST FOUR GIVE ITS VALUE. [VARTAB] GIVES THE FIRST LOCATION WHERE A SIMPLE VARIABLE NAME IS FOUND AND [ARYTAB] GIVES THE LOCATION TO STOP SEARCHING FOR SIMPLE VARIABLES. A "FOR" ENTRY HAS A TEXT POINTER AND A POINTER TO A VARIABLE VALUE SO NEITHER THE PROGRAM OR THE SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN BE MOVED WHILE THERE ARE ACTIVE "FOR" ENTRIES ON THE STACK. USER DEFINED FUNCTION VALUES ALSO CONTAIN POINTERS INTO SIMPLE VARIABLE SPACE SO NO USER-DEFINED FUNCTION VALUES CAN BE RETAINED IF SIMPLE VARIABLES ARE MOVED. ADDING A SIMPLE VARIABLE IS JUST ADDING SIX TO [ARYTAB] AND [STREND], BLOCK TRANSFERING THE ARRAY VARIABLES UP BY SIX AND MAKING SURE THE NEW [STREND] IS NOT TOO CLOSE TO THE STRINGS. THIS MOVEMENT OF ARRAY VARIABLES MEANS THAT NO POINTER TO AN ARRAY WILL STAY VALID WHEN NEW SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN BE ENCOUNTERED. THIS IS WHY ARRAY VARIABLES ARE NOT ALLOWED FOR "FOR" LOOP VARIABLES. SETTING UP A NEW ARRAY VARIABLE MERELY INVOLVES BUILDING THE DESCRIPTOR, UPDATING [STREND], AND MAKING SURE THERE IS STILL ENOUGH ROOM BETWEEN [STREND] AND STRING SPACE. "PTRGET", THE ROUTINE WHICH RETURNS A POINTER TO A VARIABLE VALUE, HAS TWO IMPORTANT FLAGS. ONE IS "DIMFLG" WHICH INDICATES WHETHER "DIM" CALLED "PTRGET" OR NOT. IF SO, NO PRIOR ENTRY FOR THE VARIABLE IN QUESTION SHOULD BE FOUND, AND THE INDEX INDICATES HOW MUCH SPACE TO SET ASIDE. SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN BE "DIMENSIONED", BUT THE ONLY EFFECT WILL BE TO SET ASIDE SPACE FOR THE VARIABLE IF IT HASN'T BEEN ENCOUNTERED YET. THE OTHER IMPORTANT FLAG IS "SUBFLG" WHICH INDICATES WHETHER A SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLE SHOULD BE ALLOWED IN THE CURRENT CONTEXT. IF [SUBFLG] IS NON-ZERO THE OPEN PARENTHESIS FOR A SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLE WILL NOT BE SCANNED BY "PTRGET", AND "PTRGET" WILL RETURN WITH A TEXT POINTER POINTING TO THE "(", IF THERE WAS ONE. STRINGS IN THE VARIABLE TABLES STRINGS ARE STORED JUST LIKE NUMERIC VARIABLES. SIMPLE STRINGS HAVE THREE VALUE BYTES WHICH ARE INITIALIZED TO ALL ZEROS (WHICH REPRESENTS THE NULL STRING). THE ONLY DIFFERENCE IN HANDLING IS THAT WHEN "PTRGET" SEES A "$" AFTER THE NAME OF A VARIABLE, "PTRGET" SETS [VALTYP] TO NEGATIVE ONE AND TURNS ON THE MSB (MOST-SIGNIFIGANT-BIT) OF THE VALUE OF THE FIRST CHARACTER OF THE VARIABLE NAME. HAVING THIS BIT ON IN THE NAME OF THE VARIABLE ENSURES THAT THE SEARCH ROUTINE WILL NOT MATCH 'A' WITH 'A$' OR 'A$' WITH 'A'. THE MEANING OF THE THREE VALUE BYTES ARE: LOW LENGTH OF THE STRING LOW 8 BITS HIGH 8 BITS OF THE ADDRESS OF THE CHARACTERS IN THE STRING IF LENGTH.NE.0. MEANINGLESS OTHERWISE. HIGH THE VALUE OF A STRING VARIABLE (THESE 3 BYTES) IS CALLED THE STRING DESCRIPTOR TO DISTINGUISH IT FROM THE ACTUAL STRING DATA. WHENEVER A STRING CONSTANT IS ENCOUNTERED IN A FORMULA OR AS PART OF AN INPUT STRING, OR AS PART OF DATA, "STRLIT" IS CALLED, CAUSING A DESCRIPTOR TO BE BUILT FOR THE STRING. WHEN ASSIGNMENT IS MADE TO A STRING POINTING INTO "BUF" THE VALUE IS COPIED INTO STRING SPACE SINCE [BUF] IS ALWAYS CHANGING. STRING FUNCTIONS AND THE ONE STRING OPERATOR "+" ALWAYS RETURN THEIR VALUES IN STRING SPACE. ASSIGNING A STRING A CONSTANT VALUE IN A PROGRAM THROUGH A "READ" OR ASSIGNMENT STATEMENT WILL NOT USE ANY STRING SPACE SINCE THE STRING DESCRIPTOR WILL POINT INTO THE PROGRAM ITSELF. IN GENERAL, COPYING IS DONE WHEN A STRING VALUE IS IN "BUF", OR IT IS IN STRING SPACE AND THERE IS AN ACTIVE POINTER TO IT. THUS F$=G$ WILL CAUSE COPYING IF G$ HAS ITS STRING DATA IN STRING SPACE. F$=CHR$(7) WILL USE ONE BYTE OF STRING SPACE TO STORE THE NEW ONE CHARACTER STRING CREATED BY "CHR$", BUT THE ASSIGNMENT ITSELF WILL CAUSE NO COPYING SINCE THE ONLY POINTER AT THE NEW STRING IS A TEMPORARY DESCRIPTOR CREATED BY "FRMEVL" WHICH WILL GO AWAY AS SOON AS THE ASSIGNMENT IS DONE. IT IS THE NATURE OF GARBAGE COLLECTION THAT DISALLOWS HAVING TWO STRING DESCRIPTORS POINT TO THE SAME AREA IN STRING SPACE. STRING FUNCTIONS AND OPERATORS MUST PROCEED AS FOLLOWS: 1) FIGURE OUT THE LENGTH OF THEIR RESULT. 2) CALL "GETSPA" TO FIND SPACE FOR THEIR RESULT. THE ARGUMENTS TO THE FUNCTION OR OPERATOR MAY CHANGE SINCE GARBAGE COLLECTION MAY BE INVOKED. THE ONLY THING THAT CAN BE SAVED DURING THE CALL TO "GETSPA" IS A POINTER TO THE DESCRIPTORS OF THE ARGUMENTS. 3) CONSTRUCT THE RESULT DESCRIPTOR IN "DSCTMP". "GETSPA" RETURNS THE LOCATION OF THE AVAILABLE SPACE. 4) CREATE THE NEW VALUE BY COPYING PARTS OF THE ARGUMENTS OR WHATEVER. 5) FREE UP THE ARGUMENTS BY CALLING "FRETMP". 6) JUMP TO "PUTNEW" TO GET THE DESCRIPTOR IN "DSCTMP" TRANSFERRED INTO A NEW STRING TEMPORARY. THE REASON FOR STRING TEMPORARIES IS THAT GARBAGE COLLECTION HAS TO KNOW ABOUT ALL ACTIVE STRING DESCRIPTORS SO IT KNOWS WHAT IS AND ISN'T IN USE. STRING TEMPORARIES ARE USED TO STORE THE DESCRIPTORS OF STRING EXPRESSIONS. INSTEAD OF HAVING AN ACTUAL VALUE STORED IN THE FAC, AND HAVING THE VALUE OF A TEMPORARY RESULT BEING SAVED ON THE STACK, AS HAPPENS WITH NUMERIC VARIABLES, STRINGS HAVE THE POINTER TO A STRING DESCRIPTOR STORED IN THE FAC, AND IT IS THIS POINTER THAT GETS SAVED ON THE STACK BY FORMULA EVALUATION. STRING FUNCTIONS CANNOT FREE THEIR ARGUMENTS UP RIGHT AWAY SINCE "GETSPA" MAY FORCE GARBAGE COLLECTION AND THE ARGUMENT STRINGS MAY BE OVER-WRITTEN SINCE GARBAGE COLLECTION WILL NOT BE ABLE TO FIND AN ACTIVE POINTER TO THEM. FUNCTION AND OPERATOR RESULTS ARE BUILT IN "DSCTMP" SINCE STRING TEMPORARIES ARE ALLOCATED (PUTNEW) AND DEALLOCATED (FRETMP) IN A FIFO ORDERING (I.E. A STACK) SO THE NEW TEMPORARY CANNOT BE SET UP UNTIL THE OLD ONE(S) ARE FREED. TRYING TO BUILD A RESULT IN A TEMPORARY AFTER FREEING UP THE ARGUMENT TEMPORARIES COULD RESULT IN ONE OF THE ARGUMENT TEMPORARIES BEING OVERWRITTEN TOO SOON BY THE NEW RESULT. STRING SPACE IS ALLOCATED AT THE VERY TOP OF MEMORY. "MEMSIZ" POINTS BEYOND THE LAST LOCATION OF STRING SPACE. STRINGS ARE STORED IN HIGH LOCATIONS FIRST. WHENEVER STRING SPACE IS ALLOCATED (GETSPA). [FRETOP], WHICH IS INITIALIZED TO [MEMSIZ], IS UPDATED TO GIVE THE HIGHEST LOCATION IN STRING SPACE THAT IS NOT IN USE. THE RESULT IS THAT [FRETOP] GETS SMALLER AND SMALLER, UNTIL SOME ALLOCATION WOULD MAKE [FRETOP] LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO [STREND]. THIS MEANS STRING SPACE HAS RUN INTO THE THE ARRAYS AND THAT GARBAGE COLLECTION MUST BE CALLED. GARBAGE COLLECTION: 0. [MINPTR]=[STREND] [FRETOP]=[MEMSIZ] 1. [REMMIN]=0 2. FOR EACH STRING DESCRIPTOR (TEMPORARIES, SIMPLE STRINGS, STRING ARRAYS) IF THE STRING IS NOT NULL AND ITS POINTER IS .GT.MINPTR AND .LT.FRETOP, [MINPTR]=THIS STRING DESCRIPTOR'S POINTER, [REMMIN]=POINTER AT THIS STRING DESCRIPTOR. END. 3. IF REMMIN.NE.0 (WE FOUND AN UNCOLLECTED STRING), BLOCK TRANSFER THE STRING DATA POINTED TO IN THE STRING DESCRIPTOR POINTED TO BY "REMMIN" SO THAT THE LAST BYTE OF STRING DATA IS AT [FRETOP]. UPDATE [FRETOP] SO THAT IT POINTS TO THE LOCATION JUST BELOW THE ONE THE STRING DATA WAS MOVED INTO. UPDATE THE POINTER IN THE DESCRIPTOR SO IT POINTS TO THE NEW LOCATION OF THE STRING DATA. GO TO STEP 1. AFTER CALLING GARBAGE COLLECTION "GETSPA" AGAIN CHECKS TO SEE IF [ACCA] CHARACTERS ARE AVAILABLE BETWEEN [STREND] AND [FRETOP]; IF NOT, AN "OUT OF STRING" ERROR IS INVOKED. MATH PACKAGE THE MATH PACKAGE CONTAINS FLOATING INPUT (FIN), FLOATING OUTPUT (FOUT), FLOATING COMPARE (FCOMP) ... AND ALL THE NUMERIC OPERATORS AND FUNCTIONS. THE FORMATS, CONVENTIONS AND ENTRY POINTS ARE ALL DESCRIBED IN THE MATH PACKAGE ITSELF. INIT -- THE INITIALIZATION ROUTINE THE AMOUNT OF MEMORY, TERMINAL WIDTH, AND WHICH FUNCTIONS TO BE RETAINED ARE ASCERTAINED FROM THE USER. A ZERO IS PUT DOWN AT THE FIRST LOCATION NOT USED BY THE MATH-PACKAGE AND [TXTTAB] IS SET UP TO POINT AT THE NEXT LOCATION. THIS DETERMINES WHERE PROGRAM STORAGE WILL START. SPECIAL CHECKS ARE MADE TO MAKE SURE ALL QUESTIONS IN "INIT" ARE ANSWERED REASONABLY, SINCE ONCE "INIT" FINISHES, THE LOCATIONS IT USES ARE USED FOR PROGRAM STORAGE. THE LAST THING "INIT" DOES IS CHANGE LOCATION ZERO TO BE A JUMP TO "READY" INSTEAD OF "INIT". ONCE THIS IS DONE THERE IS NO WAY TO RESTART "INIT". HIGH LOCATIONS
PAGE SUBTTL PAGE ZERO. IFN REALIO-3,< START: JMP INIT ;INITIALIZE - SETUP CERTAIN LOCATIONS ;AND DELETE FUNCTIONS IF NOT NEEDED, ;AND CHANGE THIS TO "JMP READY" ;IN CASE USER RESTARTS AT LOC ZERO. RDYJSR: JMP INIT ;CHANGED TO "JMP STROUT" BY "INIT" ;TO HANDLE ERRORS. ADRAYI: ADR(AYINT) ;STORE HERE THE ADDR OF THE ;ROUTINE TO TURN THE FAC INTO A ;TWO BYTE SIGNED INTEGER IN [Y,A] ADRGAY: ADR(GIVAYF)> ;STORE HERE THE ADDR OF THE ;ROUTINE TO CONVERT [Y,A] TO A FLOATING ;POINT NUMBER IN THE FAC. IFN ROMSW,< USRPOK: JMP FCERR> ;SET UP ORIG BY INIT. ; ; THIS IS THE "VOLATILE" STORAGE AREA AND NONE OF IT ; CAN BE KEPT IN ROM. ANY CONSTANTS IN THIS AREA CANNOT ; BE KEPT IN A ROM, BUT MUST BE LOADED IN BY THE ; PROGRAM INSTRUCTIONS IN ROM. ; ; --- GENERAL RAM ---: CHARAC: BLOCK 1 ;A DELIMITING CHARACTER. INTEGR= CHARAC ;A ONE-BYTE INTEGER FROM "QINT". ENDCHR: BLOCK 1 ;THE OTHER DELIMITING CHARACTER. COUNT: BLOCK 1 ;A GENERAL COUNTER. ; --- FLAGS ---: DIMFLG: BLOCK 1 ;IN GETTING A POINTER TO A VARIABLE ;IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER WHETHER IT ;IS BEING DONE FOR "DIM" OR NOT. ;DIMFLG AND VALTYP MUST BE ;CONSECUTIVE LOCATIONS. KIMY= DIMFLG ;PLACE TO PRESERVE Y DURING OUT. VALTYP: BLOCK 1 ;THE TYPE INDICATOR. ;0=NUMERIC 1=STRING. IFN INTPRC,< INTFLG: BLOCK 1> ;TELLS IF INTEGER. DORES: BLOCK 1 ;WHETHER CAN OR CAN'T CRUNCH RES'D WORDS. ;TURNED ON WHEN "DATA" ;BEING SCANNED BY CRUNCH SO UNQUOTED ;STRINGS WON'T BE CRUNCHED. GARBFL= DORES ;WHETHER TO DO GARBAGE COLLECTION. SUBFLG: BLOCK 1 ;FLAG WHETHER SUB'D VARIABLE ALLOWED. ;"FOR" AND USER-DEFINED FUNCTION ;POINTER FETCHING TURN ;THIS ON BEFORE CALLING "PTRGET" ;SO ARRAYS WON'T BE DETECTED. ;"STKINI" AND "PTRGET" CLEAR IT. ;ALSO DISALLOWS INTEGERS THERE. INPFLG: BLOCK 1 ;FLAGS WHETHER WE ARE DOING "INPUT" ;OR "READ". TANSGN: BLOCK 1 ;USED IN DETERMINING SIGN OF TANGENT. IFN REALIO,< CNTWFL: BLOCK 1> ;SUPPRESS OUTPUT FLAG. ;NON-ZERO MEANS SUPPRESS. ;RESET BY "INPUT", READY AND ERRORS. ;COMPLEMENTED BY INPUT OF ^O. IFE REALIO-4,<ORG 80> ;ROOM FOR APPLE PAGE 0 STUFF. ; --- RAM DEALING WITH TERMINAL HANDLING ---: IFN EXTIO,< CHANNL: BLOCK 1> ;HOLDS CHANNEL NUMBER. IFN NULCMD,< NULCNT: 0> ;NUMBER OF NULLS TO PRINT. IFN REALIO-3,< TRMPOS: BLOCK 1> ;POSITION OF TERMINAL CARRIAGE. LINWID: LINLEN ;LENGTH OF LINE (WIDTH). NCMWID: NCMPOS ;POSITION BEYOND WHICH THERE ARE ;NO MORE FIELDS. LINNUM: 0 ;LOCATION TO STORE LINE NUMBER BEFORE BUF ;SO THAT "BLTUC" CAN STORE IT ALL AWAY AT ONCE. 44 ;A COMMA (PRELOAD OR FROM ROM) ;USED BY INPUT STATEMENT SINCE THE ;DATA POINTER ALWAYS STARTS ON A ;COMMA OR TERMINATOR. IFE BUFPAG,< BUF: BLOCK BUFLEN> ;TYPE IN STORED HERE. ;DIRECT STATEMENTS EXECUTE OUT OF ;HERE. REMEMBER "INPUT" SMASHES BUF. ;MUST BE ON PAGE ZERO ;OR ASSIGNMENT OF STRING ;VALUES IN DIRECT STATEMENTS WON'T COPY ;INTO STRING SPACE -- WHICH IT MUST. ;N.B. TWO NONZERO BYTES MUST PRECEDE "BUFLNM". ; --- STORAGE FOR TEMPORARY THINGS ---: TEMPPT: BLOCK 1 ;POINTER AT FIRST FREE TEMP DESCRIPTOR. ;INITIALIZED TO POINT TO TEMPST. LASTPT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO LAST-USED STRING TEMPORARY. TEMPST: BLOCK STRSIZNUMTMP ;STORAGE FOR NUMTMP TEMP DESCRIPTORS. INDEX1: BLOCK 2 ;INDEXES. INDEX= INDEX1 INDEX2: BLOCK 2 RESHO: BLOCK 1 ;RESULT OF MULTIPLIER AND DIVIDER. IFN ADDPRC,< RESMOH: BLOCK 1> ;ONE MORE BYTE. RESMO: BLOCK 1 RESLO: BLOCK 1 ADDEND= RESMO ;TEMPORARY USED BY "UMULT". 0 ;OVERFLOW FOR RES. ; --- POINTERS INTO DYNAMIC DATA STRUCTURES ---; TXTTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO BEGINNING OF TEXT. ;DOESN'T CHANGE AFTER BEING ;SETUP BY "INIT". VARTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO START OF SIMPLE ;VARIABLE SPACE. ;UPDATED WHENEVER THE SIZE OF THE ;PROGRAM CHANGES, SET TO [TXTTAB] ;BY "SCRATCH" ("NEW"). ARYTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO BEGINNING OF ARRAY ;TABLE. ;INCREMENTED BY 6 WHENEVER ;A NEW SIMPLE VARIABLE IS FOUND, AND ;SET TO [VARTAB] BY "CLEARC". STREND: BLOCK 2 ;END OF STORAGE IN USE. ;INCREASED WHENEVER A NEW ARRAY ;OR SIMPLE VARIABLE IS ENCOUNTERED. ;SET TO [VARTAB] BY "CLEARC". FRETOP: BLOCK 2 ;TOP OF STRING FREE SPACE. FRESPC: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO NEW STRING. MEMSIZ: BLOCK 2 ;HIGHEST LOCATION IN MEMORY. ; --- LINE NUMBERS AND TEXTUAL POINTERS ---: CURLIN: BLOCK 2 ;CURRENT LINE #. ;SET TO 0,255 FOR DIRECT STATEMENTS. OLDLIN: BLOCK 2 ;OLD LINE NUMBER (SETUP BY ^C,"STOP" ;OR "END" IN A PROGRAM). POKER= LINNUM ;SET UP LOCATION USED BY POKE. ;TEMPORARY FOR INPUT AND READ CODE OLDTXT: BLOCK 2 ;OLD TEXT POINTER. ;POINTS AT STATEMENT TO BE EXEC'D NEXT. DATLIN: BLOCK 2 ;DATA LINE # -- REMEMBER FOR ERRORS. DATPTR: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO DATA. INITIALIZED TO POINT ;AT THE ZERO IN FRONT OF [TXTTAB] ;BY "RESTORE" WHICH IS CALLED BY "CLEARC". ;UPDATED BY EXECUTION OF A "READ". INPPTR: BLOCK 2 ;THIS REMEMBERS WHERE INPUT IS COMING FROM. ; --- STUFF USED IN EVALUATIONS ---: VARNAM: BLOCK 2 ;VARIABLE'S NAME IS STORED HERE. VARPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO VARIABLE IN MEMORY. FDECPT= VARPNT ;POINTER INTO POWER OF TENS OF "FOUT". FORPNT: BLOCK 2 ;A VARIABLE'S POINTER FOR "FOR" LOOPS ;AND "LET" STATEMENTS. LSTPNT= FORPNT ;PNTR TO LIST STRING. ANDMSK= FORPNT ;THE MASK USED BY WAIT FOR ANDING. EORMSK= FORPNT+1 ;THE MASK FOR EORING IN WAIT. OPPTR: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO CURRENT OP'S ENTRY IN "OPTAB". VARTXT= OPPTR ;POINTER INTO LIST OF VARIABLES. OPMASK: BLOCK 1 ;MASK CREATED BY CURRENT OPERATOR. DOMASK=TANSGN ;MASK IN USE BY RELATION OPERATIONS. DEFPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER USED IN FUNCTION DEFINITION. GRBPNT= DEFPNT ;ANOTHER USED IN GARBAGE COLLECTION. DSCPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO A STRING DESCRIPTOR. IFN ADDPRC,<BLOCK 1> ;FOR TEMPF3. FOUR6: EXP STRSIZ ;VARIABLE CONSTANT USED BY GARB COLLECT. ; --- ET CETERA ---: JMPER: JMP 60000 SIZE= JMPER+1 OLDOV= JMPER+2 ;THE OLD OVERFLOW. TEMPF3= DEFPNT ;A THIRD FAC TEMPORARY (4 BYTES). TEMPF1: IFN ADDPRC,<0> ;FOR TEMPF1S EXTRA BYTE. HIGHDS: BLOCK 2 ;DESINATION OF HIGHEST ELEMENT IN BLT. HIGHTR: BLOCK 2 ;SOURCE OF HIGHEST ELEMENT TO MOVE. TEMPF2: IFN ADDPRC,<0> ;FOR TEMPF2S EXTRA BYTE. LOWDS: BLOCK 2 ;LOCATION OF LAST BYTE TRANSFERRED INTO. LOWTR: BLOCK 2 ;LAST THING TO MOVE IN BLT. ARYPNT= HIGHDS ;A POINTER USED IN ARRAY BUILDING. GRBTOP= LOWTR ;A POINTER USED IN GARBAGE COLLECTION. DECCNT= LOWDS ;NUMBER OF PLACES BEFORE DECIMAL POINT. TENEXP= LOWDS+1 ;HAS A DPT BEEN INPUT? DPTFLG= LOWTR ;BASE TEN EXPONENT. EXPSGN= LOWTR+1 ;SIGN OF BASE TEN EXPONENT. ; --- THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR ---: FAC: FACEXP: 0 FACHO: 0 ;MOST SIGNIFICANT BYTE OF MANTISSA. IFN ADDPRC,< FACMOH: 0> ;ONE MORE. FACMO: 0 ;MIDDLE ORDER OF MANTISSA. FACLO: 0 ;LEAST SIG BYTE OF MANTISSA. FACSGN: 0 ;SIGN OF FAC (0 OR -1) WHEN UNPACKED. SGNFLG: 0 ;SIGN OF FAC IS PRESERVED BERE BY "FIN". DEGREE= SGNFLG ;A COUNT USED BY POLYNOMIALS. DSCTMP= FAC ;THIS IS WHERE TEMP DESCS ARE BUILT. INDICE= FACMO ;INDICE IS SET UP HERE BY "QINT". BITS: 0 ;SOMETHING FOR "SHIFTR" TO USE. ; --- THE FLOATING ARGUMENT (UNPACKED) ---: ARGEXP: 0 ARGHO: 0 IFN ADDPRC,<ARGMOH: 0> ARGMO: 0 ARGLO: 0 ARGSGN: 0 ARISGN: 0 ;A SIGN REFLECTING THE RESULT. FACOV: 0 ;OVERFLOW BYTE OF THE FAC. STRNG1= ARISGN ;POINTER TO A STRING OR DESCRIPTOR. FBUFPT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER INTO FBUFFR USED BY FOUT. BUFPTR= FBUFPT ;POINTER TO BUF USED BY "CRUNCH". STRNG2= FBUFPT ;POINTER TO STRING OR DESC. POLYPT= FBUFPT ;POINTER INTO POLYNOMIAL COEFFICIENTS. CURTOL= FBUFPT ;ABSOLUTE LINEAR INDEX IS FORMED HERE. PAGE SUBTTL RAM CODE. ; THIS CODE GETS CHANGED THROUGHOUT EXECUTION. ; IT IS MADE TO BE FAST THIS WAY. ; ALSO, [X] AND [Y] ARE NOT DISTURBED ; ; "CHRGET" USING [TXTPTR] AS THE CURRENT TEXT PNTR ; FETCHES A NEW CHARACTER INTO ACCA AFTER INCREMENTING [TXTPTR] ; AND SETS CONDITION CODES ACCORDING TO WHAT'S IN ACCA. ; NOT C= NUMERIC ("0" THRU "9") ; Z= ":" OR END-OF-LINE (A NULL) ; ; [ACCA] = NEW CHAR. ; [TXTPTR]=[TXTPTR]+1 ; ; THE FOLLOWING EXISTS IN ROM IF ROM EXISTS AND IS LOADED ; DOWN HERE BY INIT. OTHERWISE IT IS JUST LOADED INTO THIS ; RAM LIKE ALL THE REST OF RAM IS LOADED. ; CHRGET: INC CHRGET+7 ;INCREMENT THE WHOLE TXTPTR. BNE CHRGOT INC CHRGET+8 CHRGOT: LDA 60000 ;A LOAD WITH AN EXT ADDR. TXTPTR= CHRGOT+1 CMPI " " ;SKIP SPACES. BEQ CHRGET QNUM: CMPI ":" ;IS IT A ":"? BCS CHRRTS ;IT IS .GE. ":" SEC SBCI "0" ;ALL CHARS .GT. "9" HAVE RET'D SO SEC SBCI 256-"0" ;SEE IF NUMERIC. ;TURN CARRY ON IF NUMERIC. ;ALSO, SETZ IF NULL. CHRRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER. RNDX: 128 ;LOADED OR FROM ROM. 79 ;THE INITIAL RANDOM NUMBER. 199 82 IFN ADDPRC,<89> ;ONE MORE BYTE. ORG 255 ;PAGE 1 STUFF COMING UP. LOFBUF: BLOCK 1 ;THE LOW FAC BUFFER. COPYABLE. ;--- PAGE ZERO/ONE BOUNDARY ---. ;MUST HAVE 13 CONTIGUOUS BYTES. FBUFFR: BLOCK 3ADDPRC+13 ;BUFFER FOR "FOUT". ;ON PAGE 1 SO THAT STRING IS NOT COPIED. ;STACK IS LOCATED HERE. IE FROM THE END OF FBUFFR TO STKEND. PAGE SUBTTL DISPATCH TABLES, RESERVED WORDS, AND ERROR TEXTS. ORG ROMLOC STMDSP: ADR(END-1) ADR(FOR-1) ADR(NEXT-1) ADR(DATA-1) IFN EXTIO,< ADR(INPUTN-1)> ADR(INPUT-1) ADR(DIM-1) ADR(READ-1) ADR(LET-1) ADR(GOTO-1) ADR(RUN-1) ADR(IF-1) ADR(RESTORE-1) ADR(GOSUB-1) ADR(RETURN-1) ADR(REM-1) ADR(STOP-1) ADR(ONGOTO-1) IFN NULCMD,< ADR(NULL-1)> ADR(FNWAIT-1) IFN DISKO,< IFE REALIO-3,< ADR(CQLOAD-1) ADR(CQSAVE-1) ADR(CQVERF-1)> IFN REALIO,< IFN REALIO-2,< IFN REALIO-3,< IFN REALIO-5,< ADR(LOAD-1) ADR(SAVE-1)>>>> IFN REALIO-1,< IFN REALIO-3,< IFN REALIO-4,< ADR(511) ;ADDRESS OF LOAD ADR(511)>>>> ;ADDRESS OF SAVE ADR(DEF-1) ADR(POKE-1) IFN EXTIO,< ADR(PRINTN-1)> ADR(PRINT-1) ADR(CONT-1) IFE REALIO,< ADR(DDT-1)> ADR(LIST-1) ADR(CLEAR-1) IFN EXTIO,< ADR(CMD-1) ADR(CQSYS-1) ADR(CQOPEN-1) ADR(CQCLOS-1)> IFN GETCMD,< ADR(GET-1)> ;FILL W/ GET ADDR. ADR(SCRATH-1) FUNDSP: ADR(SGN) ADR(INT) ADR(ABS) IFE ROMSW,< USRLOC: ADR(FCERR)> ;INITIALLY NO USER ROUTINE. IFN ROMSW,< USRLOC: ADR(USRPOK)> ADR(FRE) ADR(POS) ADR(SQR) ADR(RND) ADR(LOG) ADR(EXP) IFN KIMROM,< REPEAT 4,< ADR(FCERR)>> IFE KIMROM,< COSFIX: ADR(COS) SINFIX: ADR(SIN) TANFIX: ADR(TAN) ATNFIX: ADR(ATN)> ADR(PEEK) ADR(LEN) ADR(STR) ADR(VAL) ADR(ASC) ADR(CHR) ADR(LEFT) ADR(RIGHT) ADR(MID) OPTAB: 121 ADR(FADDT-1) 121 ADR(FSUBT-1) 123 ADR(FMULTT-1) 123 ADR(FDIVT-1) 127 ADR(FPWRT-1) 80 ADR(ANDOP-1) 70 ADR(OROP-1) NEGTAB: 125 ADR(NEGOP-1) NOTTAB: 90 ADR(NOTOP-1) PTDORL: 100 ;PRECEDENCE. ADR (DOREL-1) ;OPERATOR ADDRESS. ; ; TOKENS FOR RESERVED WORDS ALWAYS HAVE THE MOST ; SIGNIFICANT BIT ON. ; THE LIST OF RESERVED WORDS: ; Q=128-1 DEFINE DCI(A),<Q=Q+1 DC(A)> RESLST: DCI"END" ENDTK==Q DCI"FOR" FORTK==Q DCI"NEXT" DCI"DATA" DATATK==Q IFN EXTIO,< DCI"INPUT#"> DCI"INPUT" DCI"DIM" DCI"READ" DCI"LET" DCI"GOTO" GOTOTK==Q DCI"RUN" DCI"IF" DCI"RESTORE" DCI"GOSUB" GOSUTK=Q DCI"RETURN" DCI"REM" REMTK=Q DCI"STOP" DCI"ON" IFN NULCMD,< DCI"NULL"> DCI"WAIT" IFN DISKO,< DCI"LOAD" DCI"SAVE" IFE REALIO-3,< DCI"VERIFY">> DCI"DEF" DCI"POKE" IFN EXTIO,< DCI"PRINT#"> DCI"PRINT" PRINTK==Q DCI"CONT" IFE REALIO,< DCI"DDT"> DCI"LIST" IFN REALIO-3,< DCI"CLEAR"> IFE REALIO-3,< DCI"CLR"> IFN EXTIO,< DCI"CMD" DCI"SYS" DCI"OPEN" DCI"CLOSE"> IFN GETCMD,< DCI"GET"> DCI"NEW" SCRATK=Q ; END OF COMMAND LIST. "T" "A" "B" "("+128 Q=Q+1 TABTK=Q DCI"TO" TOTK==Q DCI"FN" FNTK==Q "S" "P" "C" "("+128 ;MACRO DOESNT LIKE ('S IN ARGUMENTS. Q=Q+1 SPCTK==Q DCI"THEN" THENTK=Q DCI"NOT" NOTTK==Q DCI"STEP" STEPTK=Q DCI"+" PLUSTK=Q DCI"-" MINUTK=Q DCI"" DCI"/" DCI"^" DCI"AND" DCI"OR" 190 ;A GREATER THAN SIGN Q=Q+1 GREATK=Q DCI"=" EQULTK=Q 188 Q=Q+1 ;A LESS THAN SIGN LESSTK=Q ; ; NOTE DANGER OF ONE RESERVED WORD BEING A PART ; OF ANOTHER: ; IE . . IF 2 GREATER THAN F OR T=5 THEN... ; WILL NOT WORK!!! SINCE "FOR" WILL BE CRUNCHED!! ; IN ANY CASE MAKE SURE THE SMALLER WORD APPEARS ; SECOND IN THE RESERVED WORD TABLE ("INP" AND "INPUT") ; ANOTHER EXAMPLE: IF T OR Q THEN ... "TO" IS CRUNCHED ; DCI"SGN" ONEFUN=Q DCI"INT" DCI"ABS" DCI"USR" DCI"FRE" DCI"POS" DCI"SQR" DCI"RND" DCI"LOG" DCI"EXP" DCI"COS" DCI"SIN" DCI"TAN" DCI"ATN" DCI"PEEK" DCI"LEN" DCI"STR$" DCI"VAL" DCI"ASC" DCI"CHR$" LASNUM==Q ;NUMBER OF LAST FUNCTION ;THAT TAKES ONE ARG DCI"LEFT$" DCI"RIGHT$" DCI"MID$" DCI"GO" GOTK==Q 0 ;MARKS END OF RESERVED WORD LIST IFE LNGERR,< Q=0-2 DEFINE DCE(X),<Q=Q+2 DC(X)> ERRTAB: DCE"NF" ERRNF==Q ;NEXT WITHOUT FOR. DCE"SN" ERRSN==Q ;SYNTAX DCE"RG" ERRRG==Q ;RETURN WITHOUT GOSUB. DCE"OD" ERROD==Q ;OUT OF DATA. DCE"FC" ERRFC==Q ;ILLEGAL QUANTITY. DCE"OV" ERROV==Q ;OVERFLOW. DCE"OM" ERROM==Q ;OUT OF MEMORY. DCE"US" ERRUS==Q ;UNDEFINED STATEMENT. DCE"BS" ERRBS==Q ;BAD SUBSCRIPT. DCE"DD" ERRDD==Q ;REDIMENSIONED ARRAY. DCE"/0" ERRDV0==Q ;DIVISION BY ZERO. DCE"ID" ERRID==Q ;ILLEGAL DIRECT. DCE"TM" ERRTM==Q ;TYPE MISMATCH. DCE"LS" ERRLS==Q ;STRING TOO LONG. IFN EXTIO,< DCE"FD" ;FILE DATA. ERRBD==Q> DCE"ST" ERRST==Q ;STRING FORMULA TOO COMPLEX. DCE"CN" ERRCN==Q ;CAN'T CONTINUE. DCE"UF" ERRUF==Q> ;UNDEFINED FUNCTION. IFN LNGERR,< Q=0 ; NOTE: THIS ERROR COUNT TECHNIQUE WILL NOT WORK IF THERE ARE MORE ; THAN 256 CHARACTERS OF ERROR MESSAGES ERRTAB: DC"NEXT WITHOUT FOR" ERRNF==Q Q=Q+16 DC"SYNTAX" ERRSN==Q Q=Q+6 DC"RETURN WITHOUT GOSUB" ERRRG==Q Q=Q+20 DC"OUT OF DATA" ERROD==Q Q=Q+11 DC"ILLEGAL QUANTITY" ERRFC==Q Q=Q+16 DC"OVERFLOW" ERROV==Q Q=Q+8 DC"OUT OF MEMORY" ERROM==Q Q=Q+13 DC"UNDEF'D STATEMENT" ERRUS==Q Q=Q+17 DC"BAD SUBSCRIPT" ERRBS==Q Q=Q+13 DC"REDIM'D ARRAY" ERRDD==Q Q=Q+13 DC"DIVISION BY ZERO" ERRDV0==Q Q=Q+16 DC"ILLEGAL DIRECT" ERRID==Q Q=Q+14 DC"TYPE MISMATCH" ERRTM==Q Q=Q+13 DC"STRING TOO LONG" ERRLS==Q Q=Q+15 IFN EXTIO,< DC"FILE DATA" ERRBD==Q Q=Q+9> DC"FORMULA TOO COMPLEX" ERRST==Q Q=Q+19 DC"CAN'T CONTINUE" ERRCN==Q Q=Q+14 DC"UNDEF'D FUNCTION" ERRUF==Q> ; ; NEEDED FOR MESSAGES IN ALL VERSIONS. ; ERR: DT" ERROR" 0 INTXT: DT" IN " 0 REDDY: ACRLF IFE REALIO-3,< DT"READY."> IFN REALIO-3,< DT"OK"> ACRLF 0 BRKTXT: ACRLF DT"BREAK" 0 PAGE SUBTTL GENERAL STORAGE MANAGEMENT ROUTINES. ; ; FIND A "FOR" ENTRY ON THE STACK VIA "VARPNT". ; FORSIZ==2ADDPRC+16 FNDFOR: TSX ;LOAD XREG WITH STK PNTR. REPEAT 4,<INX> ;IGNORE ADR(NEWSTT) AND RTS ADDR. FFLOOP: LDA 257,X ;GET STACK ENTRY. CMPI FORTK ;IS IT A "FOR" TOKEN? BNE FFRTS ;NO, NO "FOR" LOOPS WITH THIS PNTR. LDA FORPNT+1 ;GET HIGH. BNE CMPFOR LDA 258,X ;PNTR IS ZERO, SO ASSUME THIS ONE. STA FORPNT LDA 259,X STA FORPNT+1 CMPFOR: CMP 259,X BNE ADDFRS ;NOT THIS ONE. LDA FORPNT ;GET DOWN. CMP 258,X BEQ FFRTS ;WE GOT IT! WE GOT IT! ADDFRS: TXA CLC ;ADD 16 TO X. ADCI FORSIZ TAX ;RESULT BACK INTO X. BNE FFLOOP FFRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER. ; ; THIS IS THE BLOCK TRANSFER ROUTINE. ; IT MAKES SPACE BY SHOVING EVERYTHING FORWARD. ; ; ON ENTRY: ; [Y,A]=[HIGHDS] (FOR REASON). ; [HIGHDS]= DESTINATION OF [HIGH ADDRESS]. ; [LOWTR]= LOWEST ADDR TO BE TRANSFERRED. ; [HIGHTR]= HIGHEST ADDR TO BE TRANSFERRED. ; ; A CHECK IS MADE TO ASCERTAIN THAT A REASONABLE ; AMOUNT OF SPACE REMAINS BETWEEN THE BOTTOM ; OF THE STRINGS AND THE HIGHEST LOCATION TRANSFERRED INTO. ; ; ON EXIT: ; [LOWTR] ARE UNCHANGED. ; [HIGHTR]=[LOWTR]-200 OCTAL. ; [HIGHDS]=LOWEST ADDR TRANSFERRED INTO MINUS 200 OCTAL. ; BLTU: JSR REASON ;ASCERTAIN THAT STRING SPACE WON'T ;BE OVERRUN. STWD STREND BLTUC: SEC ;PREPARE TO SUBTRACT. LDA HIGHTR SBC LOWTR ;COMPUTE NUMBER OF THINGS TO MOVE. STA INDEX ;SAVE FOR LATER. TAY LDA HIGHTR+1 SBC LOWTR+1 TAX ;PUT IT IN A COUNTER REGISTER. INX ;SO THAT COUNTER ALGORITHM WORKS. TYA ;SEE IF LOW PART OF COUNT IS ZERO. BEQ DECBLT ;YES, GO START MOVING BLOCKS. LDA HIGHTR ;NO, MUST MODIFY BASE ADDR. SEC SBC INDEX ;BORROW IS OFF SINCE [HIGHTR].GT.[LOWTR]. STA HIGHTR ;SAVE MODIFIED BASE ADDR. BCS BLT1 ;IF NO BORROW, GO SHOVE IT. DEC HIGHTR+1 ;BORROW IMPLIES SUB 1 FROM HIGH ORDER. SEC BLT1: LDA HIGHDS ;MOD BASE OF DEST ADDR. SBC INDEX STA HIGHDS BCS MOREN1 ;NO BORROW. DEC HIGHDS+1 ;DECREMENT HIGH ORDER BYTE. BCC MOREN1 ;ALWAYS SKIP. BLTLP: LDADY HIGHTR ;FETCH BYTE TO MOVE STADY HIGHDS ;MOVE IT IN, MOVE IT OUT. MOREN1: DEY BNE BLTLP LDADY HIGHTR ;MOVE LAST OF THE BLOCK. STADY HIGHDS DECBLT: DEC HIGHTR+1 DEC HIGHDS+1 ;START ON NEW BLOCKS. DEX BNE MOREN1 RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER. ; ; THIS ROUTINE IS USED TO ASCERTAIN THAT A GIVEN ; NUMBER OF LOCS REMAIN AVAILABLE FOR THE STACK. ; THE CALL IS: ; LDAI NUMBER OF 2-BYTE ENTRIES NEEDED. ; JSR GETSTK ; ; THIS ROUTINE MUST BE CALLED BY ANY ROUTINE WHICH PUTS ; AN ARBITRARY AMOUNT OF STUFF ON THE STACK, ; I.E., ANY RECURSIVE ROUTINE LIKE "FRMEVL". ; IT IS ALSO CALLED BY ROUTINES SUCH AS "GOSUB" AND "FOR" ; WHICH MAKE PERMANENT ENTRIES ON THE STACK. ; ; ROUTINES WHICH MERELY USE AND FREE UP THE GUARANTEED ; NUMLEV LOCATIONS NEED NOT CALL THIS. ; ; ; ON EXIT: ; [A] AND [X] HAVE BEEN MODIFIED. ; GETSTK: ASL A, ;MULT [A] BY 2. NB, CLEARS C BIT. ADCI 2NUMLEV+<3ADDPRC>+13 ;MAKE SURE 2NUMLEV+13 LOCS ;(13 BECAUSE OF FBUFFR) BCS OMERR ;WILL REMAIN IN STACK. STA INDEX TSX ;GET STACKED. CPX INDEX ;COMPARE. BCC OMERR ;IF STACK.LE.INDEX1, OM. RTS ; ; [Y,A] IS A CERTAIN ADDRESS. "REASON" MAKES SURE ; IT IS LESS THAN [FRETOP]. ; REASON: CPY FRETOP+1 BCC REARTS BNE TRYMOR ;GO GARB COLLECT. CMP FRETOP BCC REARTS TRYMOR: PHA LDXI 8+ADDPRC ;IF TEMPF2 HAS ZERO IN BETWEEN. TYA REASAV: PHA LDA HIGHDS-1,X ;SAVE HIGHDS ON STACK. DEX BPL REASAV ;PUT 8 OF THEM ON STK. JSR GARBA2 ;GO GARB COLLECT. LDXI 256-8-ADDPRC REASTO: PLA STA HIGHDS+8+ADDPRC,X ;RESTORE AFTER GARB COLLECT. INX BMI REASTO PLA TAY PLA ;RESTORE A AND Y. CPY FRETOP+1 ;COMPARE HIGHS BCC REARTS BNE OMERR ;HIGHER IS BAD. CMP FRETOP ;AND THE LOWS. BCS OMERR REARTS: RTS PAGE SUBTTL ERROR HANDLER, READY, TERMINAL INPUT, COMPACTIFY, NEW, REINIT. OMERR: LDXI ERROM ERROR: IFN REALIO,< LSR CNTWFL> ;FORCE OUTPUT. IFN EXTIO,< LDA CHANNL ;CLOSE NON-TERMINAL CHANNEL. BEQ ERRCRD JSR CQCCHN ;CLOSE IT. LDAI 0 STA CHANNL> ERRCRD: JSR CRDO ;OUTPUT CRLF. JSR OUTQST ;PRINT A QUESTION MARK IFE LNGERR,< LDA ERRTAB,X, ;GET FIRST CHR OF ERR MSG. JSR OUTDO ;OUTPUT IT. LDA ERRTAB+1,X, ;GET SECOND CHR. JSR OUTDO> ;OUTPUT IT. IFN LNGERR,< GETERR: LDA ERRTAB,X PHA ANDI 127 ;GET RID OF HIGH BIT. JSR OUTDO ;OUTPUT IT. INX PLA ;LAST CHAR OF MESSAGE? BPL GETERR> ;NO. GO GET NEXT AND OUTPUT IT. TYPERR: JSR STKINI ;RESET THE STACK AND FLAGS. LDWDI ERR ;GET PNTR TO " ERROR". ERRFIN: JSR STROUT ;OUTPUT IT. LDY CURLIN+1 INY ;WAS NUMBER 64000? BEQ READY ;YES, DON'T TYPE LINE NUMBER. JSR INPRT READY: IFN REALIO,< LSR CNTWFL> ;TURN OUTPUT BACK ON IF SUPRESSED LDWDI REDDY ;SAY "OK". IFN REALIO-3,< JSR RDYJSR> ;OR GO TO INIT IF INIT ERROR. IFE REALIO-3,< JSR STROUT> ;NO INIT ERRORS POSSIBLE. MAIN: JSR INLIN ;GET A LINE FROM TERMINAL. STXY TXTPTR JSR CHRGET TAX ;SET ZERO FLAG BASED ON [A] ;THIS DISTINGUISHES ":" AND 0 BEQ MAIN ;IF BLANK LINE, GET ANOTHER. LDXI 255 ;SET DIRECT LINE NUMBER. STX CURLIN+1 BCC MAIN1 ;IS A LINE NUMBER. NOT DIRECT. JSR CRUNCH ;COMPACTIFY. JMP GONE ;EXECUTE IT. MAIN1: JSR LINGET ;READ LINE NUMBER INTO "LINNUM". JSR CRUNCH STY COUNT ;RETAIN CHARACTER COUNT. JSR FNDLIN BCC NODEL ;NO MATCH, SO DON'T DELETE. LDYI 1 LDADY LOWTR STA INDEX1+1 LDA VARTAB STA INDEX1 LDA LOWTR+1 ;SET TRANSFER TO. STA INDEX2+1 LDA LOWTR DEY SBCDY LOWTR ;COMPUTE NEGATIVE LENGTH. CLC ADC VARTAB ;COMPUTE NEW VARTAB. STA VARTAB STA INDEX2 ;SET LOW OF TRANS TO. LDA VARTAB+1 ADCI 255 STA VARTAB+1 ;COMPUTE HIGH OF VARTAB. SBC LOWTR+1 ;COMPUTE NUMBER OF BLOCKS TO MOVE. TAX SEC LDA LOWTR SBC VARTAB ;COMPUTE OFFSET. TAY BCS QDECT1 ;IF VARTAB.LE.LOWTR, INX ;DECR DUE TO CARRY, AND DEC INDEX2+1 ;DECREMENT STORE SO CARRY WORKS. QDECT1: CLC ADC INDEX1 BCC MLOOP DEC INDEX1+1 CLC ;FOR LATER ADCQ MLOOP: LDADY INDEX1 STADY INDEX2 INY BNE MLOOP ;BLOCK DONE? INC INDEX1+1 INC INDEX2+1 DEX BNE MLOOP ;DO ANOTHER BLOCK. ALWAYS. NODEL: JSR RUNC ;RESET ALL VARIABLE INFO SO GARBAGE ;COLLECTION CAUSED BY REASON WILL WORK JSR LNKPRG ;FIX UP THE LINKS LDA BUF ;SEE IF ANYTHNG THERE BEQ MAIN CLC LDA VARTAB STA HIGHTR ;SETUP HIGHTR. ADC COUNT ;ADD LENGTH OF LINE TO INSERT. STA HIGHDS ;THIS GIVES DEST ADDR. LDY VARTAB+1 STY HIGHTR+1 ;SAME FOR HIGH ORDERS. BCC NODELC INY NODELC: STY HIGHDS+1 JSR BLTU IFN BUFPAG,< LDWD LINNUM ;POSITION THE BINARY LINE NUMBER STWD BUF-2> ;IN FRONT OF BUF LDWD STREND STWD VARTAB LDY COUNT DEY STOLOP: LDA BUF-4,Y STADY LOWTR DEY BPL STOLOP FINI: JSR RUNC ;DO CLEAR & SET UP STACK. ;AND SET [TXTPTR] TO [TXTTAB]-1. JSR LNKPRG ;FIX UP PROGRAM LINKS JMP MAIN LNKPRG: LDWD TXTTAB ;SET [INDEX] TO [TXTTAB]. STWD INDEX CLC ; ; CHEAD GOES THROUGH PROGRAM STORAGE AND FIXES ; UP ALL THE LINKS. THE END OF EACH LINE IS FOUND ; BY SEARCHING FOR THE ZERO AT THE END. ; THE DOUBLE ZERO LINK IS USED TO DETECT THE END OF THE PROGRAM. ; CHEAD: LDYI 1 LDADY INDEX ;ARRIVED AT DOUBLE ZEROES? BEQ LNKRTS LDYI 4 CZLOOP: INY ;THERE IS AT LEAST ONE BYTE. LDADY INDEX BNE CZLOOP ;NO, CONTINUE SEARCHING. INY ;GO ONE BEYOND. TYA ADC INDEX TAX LDYI 0 STADY INDEX LDA INDEX+1 ADCI 0 INY STADY INDEX STX INDEX STA INDEX+1 BCCA CHEAD ;ALWAYS BRANCHES. LNKRTS: RTS ; ; THIS IS THE LINE INPUT ROUTINE. ; IT READS CHARACTERS INTO BUF USING BACKARROW (UNDERSCORE, OR ; SHIFT O) AS THE DELETE CHARACTER AND @ AS THE ; LINE DELETE CHARACTER. IF MORE THAN BUFLEN CHARACTERS ; ARE TYPED, NO ECHOING IS DONE UNTIL A BACKARROW OR @ OR CR ; IS TYPED. CONTROL-G WILL BE TYPED FOR EACH EXTRA CHARACTER. ; THE ROUTINE IS ENTERED AT INLIN. ; IFE REALIO-4,< INLIN: LDXI 128 ;NO PROMPT CHARACTER STX CQPRMP JSR CQINLN ;GET A LINE ONTO PAGE 2 CPXI BUFLEN-1 BCS GDBUFS ;NOT TOO MANY CHARACTERS LDXI BUFLEN-1 GDBUFS: LDAI 0 ;PUT A ZERO AT THE END STA BUF,X TXA BEQ NOCHR LOPBHT: LDA BUF-1,X ANDI 127 STA BUF-1,X DEX BNE LOPBHT NOCHR: LDAI 0 LDXYI <BUF-1> ;POINT AT THE BEGINNING RTS> IFN REALIO-4,< IFN REALIO-3,< LINLIN: IFE REALIO-2,< JSR OUTDO> ;ECHO IT. DEX ;BACKARROW SO BACKUP PNTR AND BPL INLINC ;GET ANOTHER IF COUNT IS POSITIVE. INLINN: IFE REALIO-2,< JSR OUTDO> ;PRINT THE @ OR A SECOND BACKARROW ;IF THERE WERE TOO MANY. JSR CRDO> INLIN: LDXI 0 INLINC: JSR INCHR ;GET A CHARACTER. IFN REALIO-3,< CMPI 7 ;IS IT BOB ALBRECHT RINGING THE BELL ;FOR SCHOOL KIDS? BEQ GOODCH> CMPI 13 ;CARRIAGE RETURN? BEQ FININ1 ;YES, FINISH UP. IFN REALIO-3,< CMPI 32 ;CHECK FOR FUNNY CHARACTERS. BCC INLINC CMPI 125 ;IS IT TILDA OR DELETE? BCS INLINC ;BIG BAD ONES TOO. CMPI "@" ;LINE DELETE? BEQ INLINN ;YES. CMPI "_" ;CHARACTER DELETE? BEQ LINLIN> ;YES. GOODCH: IFN REALIO-3,< CPXI BUFLEN-1 ;LEAVE ROOM FOR NULL. ;COMMO ASSURES US NEVER MORE THAN BUFLEN. BCS OUTBEL> STA BUF,X INX IFE REALIO-2,<SKIP2> IFN REALIO-2,<BNE INLINC> IFN REALIO-3,< OUTBEL: LDAI 7 IFN REALIO,< JSR OUTDO> ;ECHO IT. BNE INLINC> ;CYCLE ALWAYS. FININ1: JMP FININL> ;GO TO FININL FAR, FAR AWAY. INCHR:
IFE REALIO-3,< JSR CQINCH> ;FOR COMMODORE. IFE REALIO-2,< INCHRL: LDA ^O176000 REPEAT 4,<NOP> LSR A, BCC INCHRL LDA ^O176001 ;GET THE CHARACTER. REPEAT 4,<NOP> ANDI 127> IFE REALIO-1,< JSR ^O17132> ;1E5A FOR MOS TECH. IFE REALIO-4,< JSR CQINCH ;FD0C FOR APPLE COMPUTER. ANDI 127> IFE REALIO,< TJSR INSIM##> ;GET A CHARACTER FROM SIMULATOR IFN REALIO,< IFN EXTIO,< LDY CHANNL ;CNT-O HAS NO EFFECT IF NOT FROM TERM. BNE INCRTS> CMPI CONTW ;SUPPRESS OUTPUT CHARACTER (^W). BNE INCRTS ;NO, RETURN. PHA COM CNTWFL ;COMPLEMENT ITS STATE. PLA> INCRTS: RTS ;END OF INCHR. ; ; ALL "RESERVED" WORDS ARE TRANSLATED INTO SINGLE ; BYTES WITH THE MSB ON. THIS SAVES SPACE AND TIME ; BY ALLOWING FOR TABLE DISPATCH DURING EXECUTION. ; THEREFORE ALL STATEMENTS APPEAR TOGETHER IN THE ; RESERVED WORD LIST IN THE SAME ORDER THEY ; APPEAR IN STMDSP. ; BUFOFS=0 ;THE AMOUNT TO OFFSET THE LOW BYTE ;OF THE TEXT POINTER TO GET TO BUF ;AFTER TXTPTR HAS BEE
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